Circular No: 18/2009/TT-BYT dated October 14, 2009 of the Ministry of Health guideline on the implementation of infection control in health care facilities
MINISTRY OF HEALTH
SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIET NAM
Independence - Freedom – Happiness
Hanoi, October 14, 2009
GUIDELINE ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF INFECTION CONTROL IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES
- Pursuant to the Law on people’s health protection dated 11 June 1989;
- Pursuant to the Communicable Diseases Prevention and Control Law dated 21 November 2007;
- Pursuant to Decree No. 188/2007/ND-CP dated 27 December 2007 issued by the Government stipulating the roles, responsibilities, authority and organizational structure of the Ministry of Health;
- Pursuant to Decision No. 153/2006/QD-TTg dated 30 June 2006 issued by the Prime Minister on approval of the master plan on development of Vietnam Health System for the period from 2010 to 2020.
The Ministry of Health issues these guidelines on infection control in all public and private health facilities as follows:
PROFESSIONAL TECHNIQUES IN INFECTION CONTROL
Article 1. Hand hygiene
1. Health care workers, staff, teachers, students and student trainees in all health facilities should wash hands with proper techniques and standards in adherence with current guidelines issued from the Ministry of Health.
2. Patients, family members and all visitors should wash hands and comply with regulations and guidelines of health care facilities.
Article 2. Execution of regulations on sterilization
1. When conducting surgical procedures including minor surgery and other invasive techniques, sterile conditions must be maintained. All equipment/devices should be guaranteed as sterile and all sterile techniques conducted should conform to the current technical procedures of the Ministry of Health.
2. All used medical devices that are able to be reused should be disinfected and sterilized in centrally sterilization departments and must be sterility must be maintained until patient use.
3. Gloves must always be changed between patients and must be changed between providing care at a contaminated or unclean body area to other body areas of the same patient. Sterile gloves must be worn when conducting sterile procedures.
4. All health care workers must observe regulations on sterilization, standard precautions, and regulations on isolation when entering and working in designated sterile areas.
Article 3. Cleaning, disinfection and sterilization of devices and equipments for medical care and treatment
1. Medical devices, equipment and materials used in surgical procedures, minor surgery and other invasive techniques should be disinfected and sterilized. The sterilization quality should be inspected and guaranteed before use in accordance with guidelines of the Ministry of Health.
2. Medical equipment used for providing care and treatment should be handled in compliance with proper disinfection and sterilization procedures between patients if reused.
3. Used medical devices/equipment should be initially decontaminated at hospital wards before being transferred to central disinfection and sterilization department.
4. At the central disinfection and sterilization departments all devices should be cleaned, disinfected, packed, sterilized and stored in compliance with procedures and guidelines issued by the Ministry of Health.