THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
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SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIET NAM
Independence Freedom Happiness
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No. 03/2007/QH12
Hanoi, November 21, 2007
 LAW
ON PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES
(No. 03/2007/QH12)
Pursuant to the 1992 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam with a number of articles already amended and supplemented under Resolution No. 51/2001/QH10;
The National Assembly promulgates the Law on Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases
.
Chapter 1
GENERAL PROVISIONS
Article 1. Scope of regulation and subjects of application
1. This Law provides for prevention and control of infectious diseases; border quarantine; epidemic combat; and conditions to assure the prevention and control of infectious diseases in humans.
The prevention and control of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS) are not governed by this Law.
2. This Law applies to domestic and foreign agencies, organizations and individuals in Vietnam.

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Article 2. Interpretation of terms
In this Law. the phrases below are construed as follows;
1 Infectious disease means a disease that transmits directly or indirectly from humans or animals to humans due to agents of infectious disease.
2. Agents of infectious disease include viruses, bacteria, parasites or fungi capable of causing an infectious disease.
3. Vectors include insects, animals, environments, food and other articles that carry agents of infectious disease and are capable of transmitting a disease.
4. Person suffering from an infectious disease means a person who is infected with agents of an infectious disease and shows symptoms of the disease.
5. Pathogen carrier means a person who is infected with agents of an infectious disease but does not show any symptoms of the disease.
6. Contact means a person who has come into contact with a person suffering from an infectious disease or a person with pathogens of infectious disease or vectors and is capable of contracting the disease.
7. Person suspected of suffering-from an infectious disease means a contact or a person showing symptoms of an infectious disease with unknown agents of disease.
8. Infectious disease surveillance means the continuous and systematic collection of information on the situation and tendency of infectious diseases, analysis and explanation to supply information for the planning, implementation and evaluation of the effectiveness of measures against infectious diseases.

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9. Biosafety in testing means the use of measures for reducing or eliminating the risk of transmission of agents of any infectious disease within laboratories or from laboratories into the environment and community.
10. Vaccine means a preparation containing antigens immunizing the body and used for preventive purposes.
11. Medical bio-product means a product of biological origin which is used for prevention, treatment and diagnosis of diseases in humans.
12. Immunology means the level of resistance of an individual or a community against agents of infectious disease.
13. Epidemic means the occurrence of an infectious disease in a number of persons exceeding the normal projected number of [persons during a particular period and in a given area.
14. Epidemic zone means a zone ascertained by a competent agency to be infected with an epidemic.
15. Zone at the risk of an epidemic means a zone adjacent to an epidemic zone or where emerge epidemic-causing factors.
16. Medical isolation means the isolation of a person suffering from an infectious disease, a person suspected of suffering from an infectious disease or a pathogen carrier or articles possibly carrying agents of infectious disease in order to limit the spread of disease.
17. Medical disposal means the application of measures of using vaccines, medical bio-products, medical isolation, disinfection, elimination of agents of infectious disease and vectors and other medical measures.
Article 3. Classification of infectious diseases

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1. Infectious diseases are divided into the following classes:
a/ Class A, consisting of extremely dangerous infectious diseases that can transmit very rapidly and spread widely with high mortality rates or with unknown agents.
Class-A infectious diseases include poliomyelitis; influenza A-H5N1; plague: smallpox: Ebola virus. Lassa virus and Marburg virus hemorrhagic fever: West Nile fever: yellow fever cholera; SARS and dangerous infectious diseases newly emerging and with unknown agents;
b/ Class B, consisting of dangerous infectious diseases that can rapidly transmit and be fatal.
Class-B infectious diseases include adenovirus disease; HTV/AIDS; diphtheria; influenza; rabies; pertussis; pulmonary tuberculosis; human streptococcus suis; amebiasis; bacillary dysentery; mumps; dengue fever; dengue hemorrhagic fever; malaria; scarlet fever; measles; hand-foot-mouth disease; anthrax; chicken pox; typhoid; tetanus; German measles; viral hepatitis; Neisseria meningitis; viral meningitis; leptospirosis; Rota virus diarrhea;
c/ Class C, consisting of less dangerous infectious diseases that are not rapidly transmittable.
Class-C infectious diseases include Chlamydia; syphilis; worm-related diseases; gonorrhea; trachoma; Candida Albicans disease; Nocardia disease; leprosy; Cytomegalo virus disease; herpes; taeniasis; fascioliasis; paragonimiasis; Fasciolopsis buski; scrub typhus; Rickettsia fever; Hantavirus hemorrhagic fever; trichomonas; Pyodermatitis; coxsakie virus pharyngitis, stomatitis and carditis; Giardiasis; Vibrio Parahaemolyticus enteritis, and other infectious diseases.
2. The Minister of Health shall make decision to adjust and supplement the list of infectious diseases of the classes specified in Clause 1 of this Article.
Article 4. Principles of prevention and control of infectious diseases
1. Prevention of disease is key with infectious disease information, education and communication and surveillance regarded as major measures. To combine technical medical measures with social and administrative measures in preventing and controlling infectious diseases.

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2. To organize inter-branch coordination and social mobilization in the prevention and control of infectious diseases; to integrate activities of prevention and control of infectious diseases into socio-economic development programs.
3. To publicize in a timely manner accurate information on epidemics.
4. To carry out anti-epidemic activities in a proactive, active, timely and thorough manner.
Article 5. State policies on prevention and control of infectious diseases
1. To prioritize and support preventive medicine training.
2. To prioritize investment in enhancing the capacity for surveillance personnel and systems to detect infectious diseases and in the research and production of vaccines and bio-medical products.
3. To support and encourage scientific research, exchange and training of specialists and transfer of technology in the prevention and control of infectious diseases.
4. To support medical attendance for persons suffering from infectious diseases due to occupational risks and in other necessary cases.
5. To support compensation for the cull of cattle and poultry carrying agents of infectious disease in accordance with law.
6. To mobilize contributions in terms of finance, technique and labor from the entire society to the prevention and control of infectious diseases.

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7. To expand cooperation with international organizations and other countries in the region and the world in the prevention and control of infectious diseases.
Article 6. State management agencies responsible for prevention and control of infectious diseases
1. The Government performs the unified state management of the prevention and control of infectious diseases nationwide.
2. The Ministry of Health shall take responsibility before the Government for performing the state management of the prevention and control of infectious diseases nationwide.
3. Ministries and ministerial-level agencies shall, within the scope of their tasks and powers, coordinate with the Ministry of Health in performing the state management of the prevention and control of infectious diseases.
4. Peoples Committees at all levels shall perform the state management of the prevention and control of infectious diseases according to the Governments decentralization.
Article 7. Responsibilities of agencies, organizations and individuals for the prevention and control of infectious diseases
1. Agencies, organizations and peoples armed forces units shall, within the scope of their assigned tasks and vested powers, make and organize the implementation of, plans for preventing and controlling infectious diseases; closely coordinate with and support one another upon the occurrence of epidemics, and observe and comply with the direction and instructions of anti-epidemic steering committees.
2. The Vietnam Fatherland Front and its member organizations shall conduct public information work and mobilize the people to participate in preventing and controlling infectious diseases; and participate in supervising the observance of the law on prevention and control of infectious diseases.
3. Domestic and foreign agencies, organizations and individuals in Vietnam shall participate in preventing and controlling infectious diseases in accordance with this Law.

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Article 8. Prohibited acts
1. Intentionally transmitting agents of infectious disease.
2. Persons suffering from an infectious disease, persons suspected of suffering from an infectious disease and pathogen carriers are prohibited from performing jobs likely to transmit agents of infectious disease as prescribed by law.
3. Concealing and failing to report or reporting not in a timejy manner cases of contracting infectious diseases in accordance with law.
4. Intentionally declaring or reporting untrue information on infectious diseases.
5. Discriminating against and publishing negative images of and information on persons suffering from an infectious disease.
6. Failing to apply or applying not in a timely manner measures for preventing and controlling infectious diseases as prescribed by this Law.
7. Failing to comply with measures for preventing and controlling infectious diseases at the request of competent agencies and organizations.
Chapter 2
PREVENTION OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES

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Section 1. INFORMATION, EDUCATION, COMMUNICATION ON PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES
Article 9. Contents of information, education and communication on prevention and control of infectious diseases
1. Party line and decisions and state policies and laws on prevention and control of infectious diseases.
2. Causes, ways of transmission, methods of identification of, and measures for preventing and controlling infectious diseases.
3. Conbequences of infectious diseases on human health and lives and national socio-economic development.
4. Responsibilities of agencies, organizations and individuals in the prevention and control of infectious diseases.
Article 10. Target groups of information, education and communication on prevention and control of infectious diseases
1. Everyone is entitled to access to information, education and communication on prevention and control of infectious diseases.
2. Persons suffering from infectious diseases, persons suspected of suffering from infectious diseases and pathogen carriers, their family members and people living in epidemic zones and zones at risk of epidemics are entitled to prioritized access to information, education and communication on prevention and control of infectious diseases.
Article 11. Requirements on information, education and communication on prevention and control of infectious diseases

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1. To be accurate, clear, easily understandable, practical and timely.
2. To be suitable to target groups, cultural and national traditions, social morality, religions and beliefs, and traditional practices and customs.
Article 12. Responsibilities for information, education and communication on prevention and control of infectious diseases.
1. Agencies, organizations and peoples armed forces units shall, within the scope of their respective tasks and powers, conduct information, education and communication on prevention and control of infectious diseases.
2. The Ministry of Health shall assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with concerned agencies in, providing accurate and timely information on infectious diseases.
3. The Ministry of Information and Communication shall direct mass media agencies to regularly supply information and conduct communication on prevention and control of infectious diseases and integrate programs on prevention and control of infectious diseases into other information and communication programs.
4. The Ministry of Education and Training shall assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs and concerned ministries and ministerial- level agencies in, developing the contents of education about prevention and control of infectious diseases in combination with other education contents.
5. Peoples Committees at all level shall direct and organize the work of information, education and communication on prevention and control of infectious diseases in their localities.
6. Mass media agencies shall prioritize broadcasting time and volumes for information, education and communication on prevention and control of infectious diseases on radio and television stations; and volume and positions of articles and news on printed, audiovisual and electronic press according to regulations of the Ministry of Information and Communication. Information, education and communication on prevention and control of infectious diseases on the mass media are free of charge, unless these activities are conducted under separate contracts signed with programs or projects or financed by domestic or foreign individuals and organizations.
Section 2. SANITATION FOR PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES

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Article 13. Sanitation for prevention and control of infectious diseases in education establishments within the national education system
1. Education establishments must be built in high and clean areas far from polluting places and have sufficient clean water and toilet facilities, spacious and adequately lit classrooms; food provided in these establishments must be up to quality, hygiene and safety standards.
2. Education establishments are responsible for providing learners with education about sanitation for prevention and control of infectious diseases, including persona! hygiene, sanitation in daily-life and working activities, and environmental sanitation.
3. Healthcare units of education establishments are responsible for providing public information on sanitation for disease prevention; examining and supervising environmental sanitation and food safety and hygiene, and applying measures for preventing and controlling infectious diseases.
4. The Minister of Health shall issue national technical standards of sanitation for disease prevention in education establishments specified in Clause 1 of this Article.
Article 14. Sanitation in clean water supply, sanitation of water sources for daily-life use
1. Clean water must ensure national technical standards according to regulations of the Minister of Health.
2. Clean water-supplying establishments shall apply technical measures to keep environmental sanitation and conduct self-examination to ensure the quality of clean water.
3. Competent state agencies in charge of health shall regularly examine the quality of clean water supplied by establishments and supervise the organization of regular medical checks-up for laborers working at these establishments.
4. Peoples Committees at all levels shall organize the protection and preservation of sanitation, prevent contamination of water sources used for daily life; and create conditions for the supply of clean water.

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5. Agencies, organizations and individuals shall protect, keep clean and prevent contamination of. water sources used for daily life.
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