THE STANDING COMMITTEE OF NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
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SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIET NAM
Independence - Freedom - Happiness
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No. 18/2004/PL-UBTVQH11
Hanoi, April 29, 2004
 
ORDINANCE
ON VETERINARY MEDICINE
Pursuant to the 1992 Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, which was amended and supplemented under Resolution No. 51/2001/QH10 of December 25, 2001 of the Xth National Assembly, the 10th session;
Pursuant to Resolution No.21/2003/QH11 of November 26, 2003 of the XIth National Assembly, the 4th session, on the 2004 law- and ordinance-making program;
This Ordinance prescribes the veterinary medicine.
Chapter I
GENERAL PROVISION
Article 1.- Regulation scope
This Ordinance prescribes animal disease prevention and treatment, animal-epidemic combat; quarantine of animals and animal pro-ducts; slaughtering control, veterinary hygiene inspection; management of veterinary drugs, veterinary-use bio-products, microorganisms and chemicals; veterinary practice.

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Article 2.- Subjects of application
This Ordinance applies to Vietnamese organizations and individuals as well as foreign organizations and individuals, that are engaged in veterinary activities in the Vietnamese territory.
In cases where the international agreements which the Socialist Republic of Vietnam has signed or acceded to contain provisions different from the provisions of this Ordinance, such international agreements shall apply.
Article 3.- Interpretation of terms and phrases
In this Ordinance, the terms and phrases below shall be construed as follows:
1. Animals mean beasts, birds, reptiles, bees, silkworms and insects of various species; amphibious animals; fishes, crustaceans, mollusc, aquatic mammals and other species of aquatic animals.
2. Animal products mean meat, eggs, milk, bee honey, beeswax, royal jelly, sperm, animal embryo, blood, innards, skin, feather and hair, bone, horns, ivory, claws and other products of animal origin.
3. Preliminary processing of animals, animal products means the work done after fishing or slaughtering, including cutting up, picking, drying, freezing, packing of animals, animal products.
4. Veterinary activities mean the work of State management over veterinary medicine and activities of animal disease prevention and treatment, animal-epidemic combat; quarantine of animals and animal products; animal-slaughtering control; veterinary hygiene inspection; management of veterinary drugs, veterinary-use bio-products, microorganism, chemicals; veterinary practice.
5. Animal epidemics- free zones, establish-ments mean zones, establishments determined as being free from dangerous contagious diseases on the list of those which must be announced as epidemics for a duration prescribed for each disease, each species of animal and veterinary activities in such zones, establishments, ensuring the control of epidemics.

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6. Animal epidemics mean contagious diseases on the list of diseases which must be announced as epidemics or the list of dangerous animal diseases infecting animals, killing animals in large quantities or spreading in one or many regions.
7. Animal epidemic nests mean areas where are existing dangerous animal contagious diseases on the list of diseases which must be announced as epidemics or the list of dangerous animal diseases.
8 Epidemic zones mean zones where exist many epidemic nests determined by competent veterinary bodies.
9. Epidemic-threatened zones mean peripheral zones around the epidemic zones or zones adjacent to epidemic zones of neighboring countries, already determined by competent veterinary bodies within certain scopes depending on each disease.
10. Buffer zones mean peripheral zones around the epidemics-threatened zones, already determined by competent veterinary bodies within certain scopes depending on each disease.
11. The list of diseases which must be announced as epidemics (List A) means the list of dangerous animal contagious diseases, which cause great economic damage or possibly spread to human beings and must be announced as epidemics.
12. The list of dangerous animal diseases (List B) means the list of diseases caused by microorganisms or parasites to animals, which may spread widely and possibly to human beings.
13. Veterinary hygiene standards mean technical criteria on veterinary hygiene satisfying the animal protection and development requirements, not causing harms to human health and not causing environmental pollution.
14. Quarantine of animals and animal products means the application of measures of diagnosing, testing animals and animal products to detect objects of animal and animal product quarantine.
 

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