Independence - Freedom - Happiness
No: 09/2000/NQ-CP
Hanoi, June 15, 2000
In realization of the Party’s renewal line, Vietnam’s agricultural production (agriculture, forestry and aquaculture) has over the past years continuously made great achievements. The greatest achievement is that, for not a long period, Vietnam’s agriculture has developed from a backward and autarky agriculture into a commodity agriculture, ensuring the national food security, achieving an ever-higher commodity ratio, and a noteworthy status in the region and in the world. Vietnam has become one of the top world exporters of four commodities: rice, coffee, cashew and pepper.
Yet, in the process of industrialization, modernization and integration into the regional and world economy, Vietnam’s agriculture has to continue addressing basic and urgent issues so as to meet our farmers’ aspirations and serve the country’s interests.
To bring into play such great advantages of our agriculture as natural resources, the age-old farming tradition, farmers’ industriousness, dynamism and creativeness, for the objective of building a strong and sustainably developed agriculture which, thanks to the application of new and high technologies, shall be step by step modernized and advance into an agriculture with large-scale commodity production branches increasingly competitive in the process of international integration, with a high productivity and income per unit of land acreage, satisfying the population’s food and foodstuff demands, supplying sufficient raw materials for the industries, rapidly increasing the export turnover, protecting the ecological environment thus contributing to improving the farmers’ life and ensuring the country’s economic and social stability.
The selection of the structure, scale and types of products of various agricultural production branches must aim to tap the advantages of each region and the country as a whole, closely follow the domestic and world market demands, and ensure the goods consumption possibility and as well as high economic, social and ecological efficiency.
For the next 10 years, the important goods production branches of our agriculture should develop along the following orientations:
1. Food production:
a/ Rice: constitutes a highly advantageous production branch of our country, particularly in the Mekong River and Red River deltas. It is a must to ensure food security, sufficient rice for national reserve and necessary quantity for export. The rice output shall be kept stable at around 33 million tons/year, of which 25 million tons shall be for consumption and reserve (not to mention the increasingly consumed quantity of wheat flour, most of which is imported) and the remainder for export and other needs. Rice production shall be mainly based on intensive farming with the use of high-quality strains, so as to effectively meet the demands of the domestic and foreign consumption markets. To constantly keep about 4 million hectares of land with good irrigation conditions for rice production. To shift various categories of land with less effective rice production to the production of other products with higher efficiency, for example dry land shall be shifted to the production of subsidiary food crops, low-lying land and coastal land to aquaculture, suburban land to growing of vegetables, flowers, fruit trees... In deep-lying and remote areas, to continue investment in developing rice production in areas with conditions (particularly in small-scale irrigation and building of rice fields) so as to improve the inhabitants’ life, soon stop the destruction of forests for rice milpa building as well as nomadism.
a/ Subsidiary food crops: Chiefly maize, shall continue to develop for the objective of 5-6 million tons/year so as to ensure enough raw materials for making animal feeds.
2. Short-term industrial plants:
a/ Sugarcane: Not to build new sugar plants, mainly to re-arrange and exploit to the utmost the capacity of the existing ones. To build stable raw material sugar cane areas, to push up intensive farming. To develop other processing industries so as to raise the efficiency of sugar plants, to develop the foodstuff industry (confectioneries, milk, sugared fruit juices) in order to completely consume the produced quantity of sugar. In future, when the domestic market demand increases, to consider and decide a higher level of development of the sugar industry.
b/ Oil plants: Vietnam has conditions to produce vegetable oils to meet our own need, especially edible oil. To strongly develop oil plants like groundnut, soybean, sesame, sunflower, etc, so as to provide edible oil for the population at a level of 4-5 kg/person/year, without having to import such oils. During the development process, if emerges a large market with good prices, to make use of conditions for strong development and export of edible oils.
c/ Fiber plants: Cotton, mulberry shall occupy a long-standing position in the agricultural structure. To develop cotton in areas with conditions, striving for self-supply of an important part of cotton to meet the demands of the textile industry, restricting the amount of imported cotton. To continue the development of mulberry in close combination with the silk weaving trade, creating more jobs for people and increasing export goods.
d/ Raw material tobacco: In some areas with conditions, to develop the production of tobacco for use as raw material for the domestic production of cigarettes, quickly reducing the quantity of imported raw material tobacco.