THE PRIME MINISTER
SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIET NAM
Hanoi, January 16, 2008
APPROVING THE STRATEGY ON ANIMAL BREEDING DEVELOPMENT UP TO 2020
THE PRIME MINISTER
Pursuant to the December 25, 2001 Law on Organization of the Government;
At the proposal of the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development in Document No. 3326/TTr-BNN-CN of November 30, 2007,
Article 1. To approve the Strategy on animal breeding development up to 2020 with the following principal contents:
I. DEVELOPMENT VIEWPOINTS
1. To develop animal breeding into a commodity production industry, step by step meeting domestic and export demands for foods.
2. To reorganize the animal breeding industry towards attaching production to market demand, ensuring epidemic security and veterinary hygiene, protecting the environment and improving social security conditions in order to raise food productivity, quality, efficiency, hygiene and safety.
3. To concentrate on developing advantageous and competitive animal breeding products such as pig, poultry and cow; and simultaneously develop regional and local specialty products.
4. To encourage organizations and individuals to invest in developing animal breeding on a farm or industrial scale; at the same time support and facilitate traditional animal breeding households to gradually switch to farm and industrial production.
II. DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVES
1. Overall objectives
a/ By 2020, the animal breeding industry will basically switch to farm and industrial production, largely meeting domestic and export demands for quality foods;
b/ Animal breeding will account for over 42% of agricultural production by 2020; the rates will be respectively 32% by 2010 and 38% by 2015;
c/ To ensure epidemic security and food hygiene and safety, and effectively control dangerous diseases in animal breeding.
d/ Animal breeding establishments, especially those operating on a farm or industrial scale, slaughter-houses, and cattle and poultry processing establishments must have waste treatment, and environmental pollution reduction and protection systems.
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2. Specific targets
a/ The average growth rate will reach around 8-9%/year in the 2008-2010 period; 6-7%/year in the 2010-2015 period; and 5-6% in the 2015-2020 period.
b/ The meat output will reach around 3,200 thousand tons by 2010, of which pork will account for 68%; poultry, 27%; and beef, 3%; around 4.3 million tons by 2025, of which pork will account for 65%; poultry, 31%; and beef, 3%; and around 5.5 million tons by 2020, of which pork will account for 63%; poultry, 32%; and beef, 4%;
c/ The outputs of eggs and milk will reach around 7 billion eggs and 380,000 tons respectively by 2010; around 11 billion eggs and 700,000 tons by 2015; and around 14 billion eggs and over one million tons by 2020.
d/ The average product outputs per capita will reach 36 kg of meat, 82 eggs and 4.3 kg of milk by 2010; 46 kg of meat, 116 eggs and 7.5 kg of milk by 2015; and 56 kg of meat, over 140 eggs and over 10 kg of milk by 2020.
dd/ The ratio of industrially processed meat to the total meat output will reach around 15% by 2010; 25% by 2015; and over 40% by 2020.
III. DEVELOPMENT ORIENTATIONS TO 2020
1. Pig raising: To quickly develop herds of foreign pigs towards farm and industrial production in areas which meet land, epidemic control and environmental conditions; to maintain to a certain extent breeding of cross-bred and specialty pigs suitable to breeding conditions of farmer households and some regions.
The total herd of pigs will grow at 2%/year on average, reaching around 35 million pigs, of which foreign pigs raised on farm and industrial scales will account for 37%.
2. Poultry rearing: To renew and develop poultry rearing towards farm and industrial production and grazing under control.
a/ The total flock of chicken will grow at over 5%/year on average, reaching over 300 million chicken, of which chicken raised on an industrial scale will account for around 33%.
b/ The flock of water birds will gradually reduce to around 52-53 million; the flock of water birds raised on an industrial scale will gradually increase, growing at 8%/year on average.
3. The herd of dairy cows will grow at over 11%/year on average, reaching 500,000 cows, all of which will be raised by the intensive or semi-intensive mode.
4. The herd of beef cows will grow at 4.8%/year on average, reaching 12.5 million cows, of which cross-bred cows will account for over 50%.
5. The herd of buffalos will stay at around 2.9 million, raised mostly in northern mountainous, northern central and central highlands provinces.
6. The herd of goats and sheep will grow at 7%/year on average, reaching around 3.9 million. To develop goat breeding towards farm production combined with keeping and semi-grazing in northern mountainous, northern central and southern coastal regions. Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan provinces and a number of localities with suitable ecological conditions can expand sheep breeding.
7. Honeybees will grow at 4.3%/year on average, reaching around 1.23 million colonies. To reorganize the bee keeping industry towards market-driven production, associating bee keeping with increasing the production outputs of cultivation and forestry.
8. Silkworm raising will grow at 8.7%/year on average, with the output of silkworm cocoon reaching around 34,000 tons. To raise silkworm towards market-driven production and diversification of products to meet domestic and export demands.
9. Animal feeds: To develop the animal feed industry on the basis of expanding production scale, renewing technologies, improving product quality and lowering production costs.
a/ To shift part of the agricultural production land to intensive cultivation of high-yield and protein-rich grass and animal feed material plants. To raise the domestic material processing capacity and make full use of agricultural and industrial byproducts for animal feeds.
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b/ The industrial animal feed output will grow at 7.8%/year on average, reaching around 19 million tons.
10. To build sizeable slaughter-houses and processing facilities suitable to modern technologies and advanced equipment, which will be attached to commodity breeding zones and produce diversified processed food products to meet consumers demand. To introduce production processes and equipment that ensure veterinary hygiene, food hygiene and safety and product quality at small and manual processing establishments.
11. To consolidate and raise the epidemic control capacity of the animal health system from central to local levels, especially the grassroots level.
IV. SPECIFIC PROGRAMS AND SCHEMES
1. Development of pig raising.
2. Development of beef cow raising.
3. Development of dairy cow raising.
4. Renewal and development of poultry rearing.
5. Development of breeding of buffaloes and other grass-feeding cattle.
6. Development of bee keeping and silkworm raising.
7. Development of animal feeds.
8. Promotion of farm- and industrial-scale animal breeding and industrial slaughtering, preservation and processing of cattle and poultry.
9. Increase of veterinary capacity.
a/ The animal breeding planning must take into account the characteristics and advantages of each ecological region in order to make the fullest use of the potential of each livestock in the region, ensuring sustainable development, biosafety and environmental protection.
b/ To review, adjust and adopt a planning on animal breeding products, firstly key products, namely pig, poultry, dairy cow and beef cow.
To develop the rearing of pigs and key poultry in areas meeting conditions on land, freshwater sources and environmental protection such as midland, northern and southern central coastal and central highlands regions and a number of regions in the Red River delta and the east-southern plain.