Independence - Freedom - Happiness
No: 161/QD-TTg
Hanoi, February 05, 2007
Pursuant to the December 25, 2001 Law on Organization of the Government;
At the proposal of the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development,
Article 1.- To approve the Planning on salt production development up to 2010 and 2020 with the following principal contents:
1. Salt production development must ensure the exploitation and promotion of advantages of natural conditions, sea water, climate and weather of each region; the combination of salt production restructuring with technological renewal, investment in new salt fields and renovation of existing ones in order to raise the productivity, quality and efficiency of every unit of acreage of salt field.
2. To concentrate on developing salt production in localities where conditions permit and advantages exist in the direction of forming big salt and chemicals industrial complexes and combining production with processing and post-salt chemicals; and at the same time, to adopt mechanisms and policies to support the conversion of scattered, inefficient and manual salt production areas into areas for development of other more efficient production activities.
3. Salt production development must be associated with the building of a new-style countryside, redistribution of labor and creation of jobs in localities.
1. General objectives:
To ensure efficient and sustainable salt production; to sufficiently meet people's needs for consumer salt and industrial demands for material salt; to step by step reduce the import of industrial salt and increase the export of salt and post-salt products; to create stable jobs and gradually improve the living conditions of salt workers and laborers engaged in the salt industry and actively contribute to the prevention and control of iodine deficiency disorders.
2. Specific objectives:
a/ By 2010:
- The salt production area will be 14,500 ha, including 6,000 ha for industrial salt;
- The salt yield will be 1,500,000 tons, including 800,000 tons of industrial salt.
b/ By 2020:
- The salt production area will be 14,500 ha, including 8,500 ha for industrial salt;
- The salt yield will be 2,000,000 tons, including 1,350,000 tons of industrial salt.
1. Salt production:
a/ Producing salt by sand-drying and dispersed water-heating technologies:
- In northern provinces: In the 2006-2010 period, to upgrade and renovate 2,500 ha of the total of 2,673 ha of existing salt fields where sand-drying technology is applied. To improve production technologies and equip improved tools and appropriate machines in order to raise labor productivity and reduce labor intensity, bring the average salt productivity to 100 tons/ha and salt yield to 250,000 tons/year by 2010. By 2020, to keep the salt production area at around 1,500 ha, the salt productivity at 130-135 tons/ha and the salt yield at around 200,000 tons/year.
- In southern provinces: In the 2006-2010 period, to upgrade, renovate and repair 6,000 ha of salt fields where dispersed water-heating technology is applied. To apply new materials to the construction of crystallization beds for raising salt quality. To use machines and improve technologies to bring the average salt productivity to 75 tons/ha and salt yield to 450,000 tons/year by 2010. By 2020, to keep the salt production area at around 4,500 ha, the salt productivity at 80-100 tons/ha and the salt yield at 400,000-450,000 tons/year.
b/ Producing industrial salt: To concentrate on producing industrial salt for the chemical industry and export by expanding areas, investing in equipment and intensifying mechanization and automation. Specifically:
- In the 2006-2010 period, to make intensive investment in and expand the existing industrial-salt fields of Hon Khoi and Cam Ranh (Khanh Hoa province), Tri Hai and Ca Na (Ninh Thuan province), Dam Vua and Vinh Hao (Binh Thuan province) with a total area of 2,220 ha. In 2007-2008, to concentrate investment in completing the construction and putting to production of Quan The salt field (Ninh Thuan province) and Thong Thuan salt field (Binh Thuan province) with an area of 2,700 ha. To continue investment in building the new industrial-salt field of Bac Tri Hai (Ninh Thuan province) with an area of 300 ha.
- Orientations towards 2020: To continue investment in building around 2,500 ha of new salt fields so as to have an industrial-salt area of 8,500 ha with a salt yield of 1,350,000 tons.
2. Salt-processing establishments:
To plan the construction of medium- and small-sized salt-processing establishments which can process all commodity salt and supply sufficient iodized salt of high quality and at low prices to people; and at the same time, to continue investment in modernizing existing edible salt-processing establishments to reach the designed capacity and product quality standards.
To invest in two more refined salt-processing chains with complete equipment and advanced technologies with a capacity of 30,000-50,000 tons/year in the material supply areas in Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan provinces.
3. National salt reserve:
The State shall invest budget funds in keeping a national reserve of white salt for daily-life consumption and industrial use in case of occurrence of natural calamities or enemy sabotage, and for other necessary tasks. To build new storehouses and upgrade existing ones and increase equipment for and modernize those storehouses in order to reserve around 120,000 tons of salt by 2010 and 370,000 tons by 2020.
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