THE PRIME MINISTER OF GOVERNMENT
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SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIET NAM
Independence - Freedom - Happiness
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No: 184/2006/QD-TTg
Hanoi, August 10, 2006
 
DECISION
APPROVING THE NATIONAL PLAN ON IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STOCKHOLM CONVENTION ON PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS
THE PRIME MINISTER
Pursuant to the December 25, 2001 Law on Organization of the Government;
Pursuant to the November 29, 2005 Law on Environmental Protection;
Pursuant to the Government's Decree No. 68/2005/ND-CP of May 20, 2005, on chemical safety;
At the proposal of the Minister of Natural Resources and Environment,
DECIDES:
Article 1.- To approve the national plan on implementation of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (hereinafter referred to as the plan for short) with the following principal contents:
1. Regarding persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and the Stockholm Convention on POPs:
a/ POPs are extremely toxic chemicals which persist in the environment, capable of wide spread and high bio-accumulation in bio-tissues, causing serious harms to human health (reproductive, mental or immunity diseases, cancer, genetic injuries, etc.), biodiversity and the living environment.
At present, the Stockholm Convention on POPs (hereinafter referred to as the Stockholm Convention for short) provides for the management of chemical safety, minimization and ultimate elimination of all 12 chemicals or chemical groups being persistent and toxic organic pollutants below: Aldrin, Chlordane, Dieldrin, Endrin, Heptachlor, Hexachlorobenzene, Mirex, Toxaphene, DDT [1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis (4-chlorophenyl) ethane], Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB), Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (Dioxins) and Polychlorinated dibenzofurans (Furans). The first nine substances are made by humans for use as plant protection drugs and insecticides; the tenth group of substances (PCB) is used in insulated oils and for heat conduction; while the last two groups of substances (Dioxins and Furans) are chemicals unintentionally formed through industrial production, daily life or waste treatment activities.
Of the above-said 12 substances and substance groups, Vietnam has banned the use of 9 plant protection drugs being POPs and restricted the import and use of PCB. Therefore, in order to implement the commitments to the Stockholm Convention, Vietnam shall have to:
- Apply measures and advanced technologies to minimize the unintentional formation of POPs being Dioxins and Furans;
- Prevent the import and use of plant protection drugs banned from use; demolish storehouses of plant protection drugs being residual POPs; treat pollution at former plant protection drug warehouses, yards and burial sites; detoxify areas which are severely polluted by dioxins used by the US during the Vietnam war;
- Eliminate according to an appropriate roadmap and dispose of PCB and discarded PCB-containing equipment in a safe manner.
b/ The Stockholm Convention, signed for implementation by many countries, aims to protect human health, biodiversity and the living environment from threats and risks posed by very toxic chemicals being POPs. The Stockholm Convention provides for cessation of the production, restriction of the use and elimination of several POPs made of by humans, and application of necessary measures to continuously minimize the unintentional formation of POPs through industrial production, daily life or waste treatment activities.
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