Decision No. 24/2008/QD-TTg dated February 05, 2008 of the Prime Minister promulgating a number of mechanisms and policies to support socio-economic development in Northern and Coastal Central provinces till 2010
THE PRIME MINISTER OF GOVERNMENT
SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIET NAM
Independence - Freedom - Happiness
Hanoi, February 05, 2008
PROMULGATING A NUMBER OF MECHANISMS AND POLICIES TO SUPPORT SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NORTHERN AND COASTAL CENTRAL PROVINCES TILL 2010
THE PRIME MINISTER
Pursuant to the December 25, 2001 Law on Organization of the Government;
At the proposal of the Minister of Planning and Investment in Report No. 8409/TTr-BKH dated November 15, 2007,
Article1. - To promulgate a number of mechanisms and policies to support socio-economic development in northern and coastal central provinces till 2010 (including coastal provinces and cities from Thanh Hoa to Binh Thuan), with the following principal contents:
1. A number of major objectives and norm of the region:
- The average GDP growth rate will be 10-11% per year;
- The total export turnover will reach more than USD 5 billion, with an average increase of 22-23% per year;
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- To create jobs for around 2.5-3 million people;
- The rate of trained laborers will be around 30-35%;
- To reduce the rate of poor households to below 12% (according to the new poverty line);
- The rate of clean-water users will be 95% in urban areas and 75% in rural areas;
- To raise forest coverage to 44-45% of natural land; to improve the biological environment and assure sustainable development.
2. Key tasks on development of some major branches and domains:
To prioritize investment in the development of a number of major industries such as processing of agricultural, forestry and fishery products; construction materials; textile and garment; leather and shoes; steel refining and rolling; mechanical engineering; building seagoing vessels of large tonnage; oil refinery and petrochemistry; pulp and paper, etc.
To concentrate investment on a number of key projects during 2006-2010 such as those on upgrading and building agricultural, forestry and fishery product-processing plants; expanding existing cement plants and building some cement plants of an annual output of 1.4 million tons each; building Vung Ang thermopower plant of 1,200 MW, exploiting iron ores in Thach Khe and building steel-refining and -rolling mills in Vung Ang and Dung Quat, oil refinery plants in Dung Quat and Nghi Son and a pulp and paper plant in Thanh Hoa province, etc.
Provinces and cities shall further review and supplement plannings, mobilize capital sources for investment in the construction of infrastructure in existing economic zones and industrial parks and develop a number of necessary industrial clusters in order to create conditions for enterprises to speed up investment in projects in the region.
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To supplement plannings and invest in the construction of commercial service establishments such as the system of modern and civilized trade centers, exhibition-trade fair centers and supermarkets from provinces, districts to commune clusters; to develop a network of marketplaces in rural, mountainous and coastal areas and islands so as to facilitate goods sale, purchase and exchange by ethnic minority people in areas meeting with exceptional difficulties.
To develop border-gate economic zones in association the traffic systems along the border line; to prioritize investment in Lao Bao special trade-economic zone in order to expand commercial exchange, develop tourism and services with regional countries.
To make further investment to expand production scope and raise the quality of key export items of the region, including marine and aquatic products, manioc starch, tea, coffee, wood furniture, textiles and garments, construction minerals, and minerals, in order to meet criteria for export into regional and world markets.
To make investment to improve the capacity of passenger and cargo transport by land, railway, sea and air; to develop service establishments in the finance, banking, post telecommunications, and information technology domains in a synchronous and modem manner; to develop information technology into a spearhead industry of the region.
To develop tourism on the basis of potentials and advantages of the region such as sea tourism, resort tourism, natural heritages and historical and cultural relics; to prioritize investment in the development of tourism along the East-West corridor and take part in tourism development in the Mekong River sub-region.
c/ Agriculture, forestry and fishery:
- Agriculture: Localities shall continue studying agricultural development toward commodity production, raising the efficiency per hectare of cultivated land, diversifying corps, assuring production safety, preventing and controlling natural disasters, stabilizing the rice-growing land area of 1.2 million hectares, developing large-scale areas under short-term industrial plants such as sugarcane, groundnut and tobacco or perennial industrial trees such as cashew, coffee, coconut, rubber, tea, fruit trees, and giving priority to agricultural production to supply raw materials for processing plants.
To concentrate on building the irrigation works of Cua Dat, Ban Mong, Ngan Truoi, Song Nghen, Ta Trach, Rao Quan and Dinh Binh.
To develop husbandry in farm households, paying attention to large-scale rearing of beef, lean pig, goat and sheep in provinces where conditions permit.
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- Forestry: To further adjust plannings on special-use forests, protective forests and economic forests. To partially allocate special- use forests and protective forests to households or communities for management. To combine regular forest planting, protection and tending activities with the program on planting five million hectares of forests in order to contribute to production restructuring, increase the number of export items and generate incomes so as to secure the livelihood of people engaged in forestry. To continue protecting, zoning and restoring nature reserves, national parks, submerged forests and headwater and coastal protective forests and consolidating the system of headwater protective forests, especially in high-slope areas where forests have been destroyed so as to step by step reduce damage caused by natural disasters. Annually, to plant about 70,000 hectares of forests, mainly protective forests, wind- and sand-shielding forests and anti-erosion forests in coastal areas. To continue allocating land and forests to people and enterprises for management and encouraging and supporting people who plant raw-material forests in combination with the development of forestry, agriculture and farm economy.
- Fishery and salt-making: To strive for a long-term objective of developing the fishery Industry into a spearhead economic sector of central coastal provinces; during 2006-2010, to make concentrated investment in three major service of daily-life activities and raw material supply for exports production: stabilizing aquaculture and fishing activities while protecting the environment, rationally exploiting coastal plains, lagoons and islands; developing modem offshore fishing fleets in order to combine fishing activities with protection of security and further investing in the construction of fish harbors, fishery logistic service centers and ships’ storm shelters.
To quickly increase salt output for consumption, industrial production and export, concentrating on building and expanding a number of salt-fields in localities on the basis of local plannings, demands and investment capability.
d/ Education, healthcare, culture and environmental protection:
- Education and training: To elaborate a planning on the network of schools of various levels, including boarding schools for ethnic minority pupils in mountainous and highland districts and commune clusters, ensuring that each commune will have one primary school and one lower secondary school, each village will have primary classes and pre-school classes, each commune cluster will have one semi-boarding lower secondary school and each district or provincial city will have two or more upper secondary schools.
To invest in the system of provincial- and district-level vocational training schools while encouraging the establishment of people- founded and private vocational training schools so that by 2010, all provinces, cities, districts and provincial capitals will have general vocational-training schools. To build a number of professional secondary schools and hi-tech job-training centers according to plannings in order to train technical workers for economic zones and industrial parks.
- Healthcare: Localities shall continue implementing the Prime Minister's Decision No. 225/2005/QD-TTg dated September 15, 2005, on upgrading of district hospitals and regional general hospitals during 2006-2010, ensuring that by 2010, each district will have one grade-I general hospital of between 100-200 patient beds. To build regional hospitals of 600-700 patient beds in Vinh, Hue, Da Nang, Quy Nhon and Nha Trang, consolidate and develop existing provincial obstetric, pediatric, psychiatric and traditional medicine hospitals. To ensure that communes will have health stations up to national standards, which are equipped with devices as prescribed and have physicians to provide medical examination and treatment to people.
- Culture and information: To accelerate the building of material foundations while improving the quality of culture and information activities. In the near future, it is necessary to organize culture and information activities at the grassroots and enhance the communication and education of the Party's lines, undertakings and policies and the State's laws to all people in coastal areas, islands and mountainous, deep-lying and remote areas. To enhance television and radio broadcasting activities, ensuring that by 2010, all communes and households in the region can watch television and listen to the Voice of Vietnam Radio.
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