THE PRIME MINISTER
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SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIET NAM
Independence - Freedom – Happiness
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No. 1956/QD-TTg
Hanoi, November 27, 2009
 
DECISION
APPROVING THE SCHEME ON VOCATIONAL TRAINING FOR RURAL LABORERS UP TO 2020
THE PRIME MINISTER
Pursuant to the December 25, 2001 Law on Organization of the Government;
Pursuant to the Government's Resolution No. 24/2008/NQ-CP of October 28, 2008, promulgating the Government's action program on implementation of the Resolution of the Xth Party Central Committee's 7Xth plenum on agriculture, farmers and rural areas;
At the proposal of the Minister of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs, the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development and the Minister of Home Affairs,
DECIDES:
Article 1. To approve the Scheme on vocational training for rural laborers up to 2020 (below referred to as the Scheme) with the following principal contents:
I. VIEWPOINTS, OBJECTIVES
1. Viewpoints
a/ Vocational training for rural laborers is the cause of the Party and State, levels, branches and the society, aiming to improve rural labor quality to meet requirements of industrialization and modernization of agriculture and rural areas. The State shall increase investment to develop vocational training for rural laborers and adopt policies to ensure equal opportunities for all rural laborers to learn trades, encourage, mobilize and create conditions for the entire society to participate in providing vocational training for rural laborers;
b/ Vocational learning is the right as well as obligation of rural laborers, aiming to create and change jobs, raise income and improve life quality;
c/ To shift vocational training for rural laborers from training based on the available capacity of training institutions to training based on demands of rural laborers and the labor market; to include vocational training in socio­economic development strategies, master plans and plans of the country and each region, sector and locality;
d/ To renew and develop vocational training for rural laborers towards improving training quality and effectiveness and creating favorable conditions for rural laborers to learn trades suitable to their educational level, financial capacity and learning demand;
e/ To enhance training of cadres and civil servants, creating remarkable changes in training quality and effectiveness in order to build a contingent of commune cadres and civil servants who meet criteria of cadres and civil servants and requirements on qualification, leadership and management capacity, and professional expertise and skills for all socio-economic aspects in communes in service of industrialization and modernization of agriculture and rural areas.
2. Objectives
a/ General objectives
- To annually provide vocational training for around 1 million rural laborers on average, including training and retraining of 100,000 commune cadres and civil servants;
- To improve vocational training quality and effectiveness to create jobs and raise income for rural laborers, making contributions to labor and economic restructuring in service of industrializa­tion and modernization of agriculture and rural areas;
- To build a contingent of commune cadres and civil servants with firm political viewpoint, and qualifications, capacity and qualities meeting requirements of socio-economic administration, management and operation and public duty performance in service of industrialization and modernization of agriculture and rural areas.
b/ Specific targets for each period
- The 2009-2010 period
+ To continue providing vocational training for around 800,000 rural laborers according to the target set in the Vocational Training Capacity Building Project (Project 7) under the National Target Program on Education and Training up to 2010 under policies of this Scheme;
+ To pilot models of vocational training for around 18,000 rural laborers with 50 trades and order vocational training for around 12.000 being poor and ethnic minority people and rural laborers subject to recovery of farm land and meeting with financial difficulties. At least 80% of these laborers will find jobs after being trained under these models;
+ To strive to fulfill the plan on training of commune cadres and civil servants in the 2006-2010 period, which was approved under the Prime Minister's Decision No. 40/2006/QD-TTg of February 15, 2006.
-The 2011-2015 period
To provide vocational training for 5.2 million rural laborers, of whom:
+ Around 4.7 million rural laborers will receive vocational training (1.6 million trained in agricultural trades and 3.1 million in non­agricultural trades), including around 120,000 being poor people, ethnic minority people and rural laborers subject to recovery of farm land and meeting with financial difficulties to be trained on order. At least 70% of these laborers will find jobs after being trained;
+ Around 500,000 commune cadres and civil servants will receive training and retraining in administrative and socio-economic management suitable to their titles and positions to meet requirements of leadership, management, administration and performance of public duties.
- The 2016-2020 period
To provide vocational training for 6 million rural laborers, of whom:
+ Around 5.5 million rural laborers will receive vocational training (1.4 million trained in agricultural trades and 4.1 million in non-agricultural trades), including around 380,000 being poor people, ethnic minority people and rural laborers subject to recovery of farm land and meeting with financial difficulties to be trained on order. At least 80% of these laborers will find jobs after being trained;
+ Around 500,000 commune cadres and civil servants will receive extensive training in administrative and socio-economic management knowledge and skills to meet requirements of leadership, socio-economic administration in the period of industrialization and modernization of agriculture and rural areas.
II. BENEFICIARIES OF THE SCHEME
1. Rural laborers of working age with educational level and health status suitable to the trades to be trained. To prioritize those entitled to incentive policies for people with meritorious contributions to the revolution, poor households, households with income of up to 150% of that of poor households, ethnic minority people, disabled people and people subject to recovery of farm land.
2. Full-time cadres of the Party, socio-political mass organizations and local administrations and civil servants of communes; source cadres of eligible ages under the personnel planning up to 2015 and 2020 for replacement of retired commune cadres and civil servants or filling mechanic vacancies.
III. POLICIES OF THE SCHEME
1. Policies for learners
- Rural laborers entitled to incentives for people with meritorious contributions to the revolution, poor households, ethnic minority people, disabled people and people subject to recovery of farm land may receive financial support for short-term vocational training (basic and under-3-month vocational training) of up to VND 3 million/person/course (specific levels are based on each trade and actual training time); meal allowance of VND 15,000/actual training day/person; and travel allowance according to ticket prices of public means of transport with the maximum level of VND 200,000/person/ course for vocational trainees living in areas 15 km or farther away from their training places;
- Rural laborers being members of households with income of up to 150% of that of poor households may receive financial support for short-term vocational training (basic and under-3-month vocational training) of up to VND 2.5 million/person/course (specific levels are based on each trade and actual training time);
- Other rural laborers may receive financial support for short-term vocational training (basic and under-3-month vocational training) of up to VND 2 million/person/course (specific levels are based on each trade and actual training time);
- Rural laborers may take loans to attend vocational training under current regulations on credit for students. Rural laborers who work stably in rural areas after receiving vocational training may have 100% of interests on their loans taken for vocational training covered by the state budget;
- Ethnic minority rural laborers entitled to incentives for people with meritorious contributions to the revolution, poor households and households with income of up to 150% of that of poor households who attend intermediate-and collegial-level vocational training courses may enjoy policies on vocational training for boarding ethnic minority students;
- After receiving vocational training, rural laborers may take loans from the national em­ployment fund under the national target program on employment to generate self-employment.
Each rural laborer may receive vocational training support only once under the policies of this Scheme. Those having received vocational training support under other state policies are not entitled to these supports. Those having received vocational training supports but losing their jobs due to objective reasons may be considered and decided by provincial-level People's Committees to continue receiving vocational training supports to change jobs under the policies of this Scheme for no more than 3 times.
2. Policies for teachers and lecturers
- Teachers and vocational training administrators who regularly go to villages in areas meeting with exceptional socio-economic difficulties to provide vocational training for 15 days or more monthly may receive mobile-working allowance with a coefficient of 0.2 of the common wage level applicable to teachers who regularly go to villages for illiteracy eradication and continuing education universalization;
- Teachers of public vocational training establishments in mountainous districts, deep-lying, remote and border areas, islands and ethnic minority areas may enjoy public-duty house policies applicable to teachers of educational institutions from preschool to general education levels;
- Vocational trainers (technicians, engineers, skilled laborers of enterprises, production and business establishments and centers for agricultural, forestry and fishery extension, farmers with outstanding production results providing vocational training for rural laborers) may receive a teaching pay of at least VND 25,000/hour; trainers being scientific doctors, doctors in agriculture, provincially or nationally prestigious craftsmen may receive a teaching pay of at least VND 300,000/training session. Vocational training establishments shall set specific levels;
- To establish criteria and adopt appropriate regimes and mechanisms to attract capable trainers to work at cadre and civil servant training establishments; persons working in different fields and all sectors to participate in training and retraining; and capable staff of agencies and units to participate in training on a part-time basis.
3. Policies for establishments providing vocational training for rural laborers
- To invest in physical foundations and training equipment for vocational training centers in 61 poor districts under the Government's Resolution No. 30a/2008/NQ-CP of December 27, 2008, on the support program on quick and sustainable poverty reduction in 61 poor districts;
- To support investment in lecture rooms, practice workshops, dormitories, public-duty houses for teachers, canteens, semi-truck vehicles or motor boats for transporting equipment, mobile vocational trainers, equipment for training in 4 popular trades and 3-5 locally typical trades, for 30 districts with a poverty rate of 30-50% which established vocational training centers in 2009, at maximum VND 12.5 billion/center;
- To support investment in practice workshops, dormitories, public-duty houses for teachers, canteens, semi-truck vehicles or motor boats for transporting equipment, mobile vocational trainers, equipment for training in 3 popular trades and 3-4 locally typical trades, for 74 mountainous, border and island districts and ethnic minority areas which established vocational training centers in 2009, at maximum VND 9 billion/center;
- To support investment in physical foundations and training equipment for 116 plain districts which established vocational training centers in 2009, at VND 5 billion/center;
- To support investment in the construction of, and training equipment for, 9 handicraft vocational secondary schools in 9 provinces with large numbers of traditional craft villages, at VND 25 billion/school;
- To continue investment in training equipment for public district vocational training centers which received investment in 2006-2009 but have not met vocational training quality requirements, at VND 3 billion/center;
- To support funds for the procurement of training equipment for 100 continuing education centers in districts without vocational training centers to provide vocational training for rural laborers, at VND 1 billion/center;
- Vocational colleges and secondary schools, vocational training centers, universities, colleges, professional secondary schools of ministries, branches, socio-political organizations, localities, enterprises and private establishments; continuing education centers, vocational general technical centers, research institutes, community learning centers, centers for agricultural, forestry and fishery extension, farms, forestry farms, enterprises, cooperatives and production, business and service establishments which meet conditions on vocational training for rural laborers may provide vocational training for rural laborers with funding sources provided in this Scheme, be provided with curricula, training manuals and learning materials, and train vocational teachers.
The policies specified in this Scheme will be adjusted in response to price fluctuations and socio-economic changes annually and in each period.
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