Các quy tắc đó là những điều khoản tiêu chuẩn quy định quyền lợi, nghĩa vụ của Hội, hội viên về các vấn đề: tham gia bảo hiểm, các rủi ro được bảo hiểm, phạm vi trách nhiệm, nghĩa vụ thông báo, giải quyết khiếu nại, việc đóng phí, ký quỹ, mức miễn trừ...

Mục đích của loại bảo hiểm này nhằm giúp đỡ hội viên khi giải quyết những tranh chấp về tiền cước, tiền phạt, tiền lưu giữ tàu, hợp đồng đóng tàu, thế chấp... và bảo hiểm những chi phí luật pháp, các chi phí đã chi trong quá trình tranh chấp, khiếu nại, kiện tụng.

 

1. Các rủi ro được bảo hiểm

Theo bảo hiểm FDD, Hội bảo hiểm những chi phí, phí tổn, chi phí pháp luật, chi phí nghiệp vụ phát sinh liên quan đến các khiếu nại, tranh chấp, kiện tụng của hội viên về những vấn đề sau:

-    Tiền cước, cước khống, tiền phạt, lưu giữ tàu, các vấn đề phát sinh từ hợp đồng vận chuyển, vận đơn hoặc việc kinh doanh của tàu.

-   Tàu bị lưu giữ do bất kỳ nguyên nhân nào bởi bất kỳ cơ quan nào.

-     Chi phí cứu hộ, chi phí đóng góp tổn thất chung.

-     Các khiếu nại phát sinh liên quan đến hợp đồng đóng tàu, mua bán, thế chấp, sửa chữa tàu có bảo hiểm hoặc bất kỳ hợp đồng nào có liên quan đến tàu biển.

-     Bốc, dỡ, san trải, chuyển tải hàng không thích hợp.

-     Khiếu nại của/đối với thuyền trưởng, sỹ quan, thủy thủ, hành khách.

-     Thông tin và cô' vấn pháp lý về các vấn đề có liên quan đến chủ tàu.

-     Bất kỳ vấn đề nào mà theo ý kiến của Hội là thuộc phạm vi của bảo hiểm này.

 

2. Phạm vi trách nhiệm của Hội

Trừ khi có thỏa thuận đặc biệt nào khác, hội viên tham gia bảo hiểm FDD sẽ được Hội bồi thường:

-      Các chi phí và phí tổn có liên quan đến bất kỳ khiếu nại, tranh chấp, kiện tụng về những vấn đề nêu trên (các rủi ro được bảo hiểm).

-     Có quyền được Hội cố vấn pháp luật về bất kỳ khiếu nại, tranh chấp, kiện tụng nào.

-      Được Hội bồi thường các chi phí và phí tổn phải gánh chịu trong việc xin ý kiến cố vấn của luật sư, giám định viên hoặc người nào khác (trừ những người do hội viên, quản trị viên, Hội thuê) mà quản trị viên đã đồng ý với việc xin ý kiến đó.

Như vậy, bảo hiểm FDD chỉ bồi thường các chi phí luật pháp và chi phí nghiệp vụ liên quan đến những vấn đề được nêu ở trên, còn các khoản tiền tranh chấp chính thì không được bồi thường.

Trong thực tế, loại bảo hiểm này ít được các chủ tàu tham gia đầy đủ, nghĩa là hội viên thường chỉ yêu cầu bảo hiểm một phần nào đó mà thôi, tùy thuộc vào mức độ rủi ro trong kinh doanh của mình.

 

3. Một số từ viết tắt thông dụng lĩnh vực bảo hiểm tàu biển  

GENERAL

TT

Chữ viết tắt 

Viết đầy đủ

1

AFAIK

As Far As I Know

2

AGW

All Going Well

3

AISI

As I See It

4

ASAP

As Soon As Possible

5

B4____________

Before

6

BS

British Standard

7

BTW__________

By The Way

8

CAD

Computer Assisted Design

9

CAF

Currency Adjustment Factor

10

CAP

Condition Assessment Program

11

CBI

Computer-Based Information

12

CBT

Computer-Based Training

13

CCT

Closed Circuit Television

14

CD

Compact Disc______________

15

CU

See You Later

16

cv

Curriculum Vitae

17

DIY

Do It Yourself

18

DSC

Distinctive Select Calling

19_

DTBA

Date To Be Advised

20

E&OE

Errors & Omissions Excepted

21

ECU

European Currency Units

22__

EDP

Electronic Data Processing

23

EE

Errors Excepted

24

E1U___________

Even If Used

25

FAC

Fast As You Can

26

FAQ

Frequently Asked Question____________

27

FLT

Fork Lift Truck

28

FOG ___ ;______

For Our Guidance___________________

29

FYG

For Your Guidance

30

FYI                     Y

For Your Information

31

FYM

For Your Misinformation

32

GBP

Great British Pound

33

GBR

Great Barrier Reef

34

GBR

Great Britain

35

HTH

Hope This/That helps

36

IE

Internet Explorer

37

IMCO

In My Considered Opinion

38

IME

In My Experience__________________

39

IMEO

In My Expert Opinion

40

IMNSHO

In My Not So Humble/Honest Opinion

41

IMO

In My Opinion

42

low

In Other Words____________________

43

ISSN

International Standard Serial Number J

44

IT

Information Technology__________

45

KISS

Keep It Simple Stupid__________

46

KK

Knock for Knock___________________

47

LAN

Local Area Network

48

LOL

Laughing Out Loud_________________

49

MO

Mail Order

50

NP

No Problem

51

NRN

No Reply Necessary

52

OBTW

Oh By The Way

53

OCR

Optical Character Recognition

54

OTOH

On The Other Hand

55

PC

Personal Computer

56

RAM

Random Access Memory

57

ROM

Read Only Memory

58

SAM

Surface to Air Missile

59

SITD

Still In The Dark

60

TFN

Thanks For Nothing

61

TIA

Thanks In Advance__________________

62

LOR

Under One Roof _________________

63

LS____________

United States___________ — _______

64

USA

United States of America

65

UTC

Universal Time Co-ordinated

66

VAT___________

Value Added Tax

67

voc

Volatile Organic Compounds

68

WP

Waterproof

69

WWW

World Wide Web

70

WYSIWYG_____

What You See Is What You Get

 

OFFICE

TT

Chữ viết tắt

Viết đầy đủ

1

AAAA

Always Accessible Always Afloat

2

AAOSA

Always Afloat or Safe Aground

3

AARA

The Amsterdam-Antwerp-Rotterdam Area

4

Abt.

About .

5

AC

All other Contents

6

ACP

Area Contingency Plan

7

AD

Accidental Damage

8

AFRA

Average Freight Rate Assessment

9

AFRAMAX

Average Freight Rate Assessment Maximum

10

AHF

American Hull Form

11

AIS

Automatic Identification System

12

ALLER

All English Law Reports

13

AML

Absolute Maximum Loss

14

AMNI

Associate Member of The Nautical Institute

15

ANF

Arrival Notification Form

16

ANL

Above Normal Loss

17

ANTHAM

Antwerp Hamburg

18

AO voy.

Any One Voyage

19

AOA

Any One Accident

20

AOL

Any One Loss

21

AOO

Any One Occurrence

22

AOV

Any One Vessel

23

AP

+ Additional Premium

+ Annual Premium

+ Agriculture Premium

24

APL

As Per List

25

APP

Adjustment Premium Policy

26

Appd

Approved

27

AR ___________

All Risks

28

ARAG

Amsterdam-Rotterdam-Antwerp-Ghent

29

ARP

Accrued Rights Premium

30

Arr. TL

Arranged Total Loss

31

ASPW

Any Safe Port in the World

32

ATL

Actual Total Loss

33

Av

Ave

Average

34

AWIWL

Always Within Institute Warranties Limits

35

AWO

All Weather Operations

36

B/E

Bill of Exchange

37

B/G

Bonded goods

38

B/H

Bordeaux/Hamburg

39

B/L

Bill of Lading

40

BAF

Bunker Adjustment Factor

41

BB

+ Ballast Bonus

+ Both to Blame

42

Bd

Bond

43

BDI

+ Baltic Dry Index

+ Both Dates Inclusive

44

BFI

Baltic Freight Index

45

BI

+ Both Inclusive

+ Business Interruption

46

BN

British North America

47

BR

Builders Risk

48

BT

Berth Terms

49

C&F

CFR

Cost and Freight

50

C/D

Country Damage

51

C/N

Credit Note

52

c/snee

Consignee

53

CB/L

Clean Bill of Lading

54

CFR

Code of Federal Rules

55

CFS

Container Freight Station

56

CGT

Capital Gains Tax

57

CIF

Cost Insurance And Freight

58

CIP

Carriage and Insurance Paid

59

CKD

Completely Knocked Down

60

Cl.

Clause

61

CN

Cover Note

62

COB

Closing of Business

63

COD

Cash On Delivery

64

COI

Certificate of Inspection

65

COP

Custom of the Port

66

COT

Customers Own Transport

67

CP

Charter Party

68

CPD

Charterers Pay Dues

69

CPT

Carriage Paid To

70

CR

Current Rate

71

CTL

Constructive Total Loss

72

CTR

Container Fitted

73

CUT

Coordinated Universal Time

74

CWE

Cleared Without Examination

75

cwo

Cash With Order

76

D/C

Deviation Clause

77

D/D

Damage Done

78

DA

Disbursement Account \f

79

DAF

•r Deliver At Frontier

+ Delivered At Frontier

80

DAMFORDET

Damages For Detention

81

DAPS

Days All Purposes

82

DC

Direct Costs

83

Dd

Delivered

84

DDP

Delivered Duty Paid ‘7

85

DDU

Delivered Duty Unpaid ự

86

DEM

Demurrage

87

DEMDES

Demurrage/Dispatch money

88

DEQ

Delivered Ex Quay

89

DES

Delivered Ex Ship

90

DESP

Despatch__________________________

91

DET

Detention__________________________

92 1

DG____________

Directorate General

93

DHDATSBE

Dispatch Half Demurrage on All Time Saved Both Ends

94

DHDWTSBE

Dispatch. Half Demurrage on Working

Time Saved Both Ends________________

95

Die

Difference in Conditions

96

DNC

Digital Nautical Chart_________________

97

DNO

Debit Note Only_____________________

98

DNRCAOSLONL

Discountless and Non-Returnable Cargo and/or Ship Lost or Not Lost____________

99

DOC

Document of Compliance

100

DOL

+ Date of Loss

+ Dock Owner Liability

101

DRC

Damage Received in Collision

102

DSC

Dangerous Goods, Solid Cargoes and

Containers________ ________________

103

DV

Declared Value_____________________

104

E&EA

Each and Every Accident J                      ———-

105

E&EL

Each and Every Loss

106

E&EO

Each and Every Occurrence

107

EC

East Coast

108

ECG

Export Credits Guarantee

109

EMI

Estimated Maximum Loss

110

EM PL

Estimated Maximum Probable Loss

111

EmS

Emergency Schedule

112

EOHP

Except as otherwise herein provided

113

EPS

IMO performance standard for ECDIS

114

EXW

Ex Works

115

f.a.a.

Free of all average

116

F.C.O.D.

Fire, Collision, Overturning and Derailment

117

F.C.R.

Forwarding agents’ certificate of receipt

118

F.C.S.R.C.C.

Free of capture, seizure, riots and civil commotions

119

F.C.S.S.R.C.C.

Free of capture, seizure, strikes, riots and civil commotions

120

F.C.T.

Forwarding agents' certificate of transport

121

F.c.v.

+ Full contract value

+ Full completed value

122

F.O.D.abs.

Free of damage absolutely

123

EO.M.

Flag, ownership or management

124

F.R.O.

Fire risk only

125

F.Supp

Federal Supplement

126

F/A

Fire and accident (Insurance)

127

FIB

Radio transmission designator

128

FAS

+ Free Alongside Ship + Free Alongside Steamer

129

FC&S

Free of Capture and Seizure Clause

130

FCA

Free to Carrier

131

FCC

First Class Charterers

132

Fch

Franchise

133

FCL

Full Container Load

134

FCO

Financed, Constructed and Operated

135

FD

Free Discharge

136

FDD

+ Freight Demurrage Dead freight

+ Freight, Demurrage and Defence

137

FDEDANRSAO CLONL

Freight Deemed Earned, Discountless And Non-Returnable (Refundable) Ship And Or Cargo Lost Or Not Lost

138

FDESP

Free Dispatch

139

FFI

For Further Instructions

140

FG FGN

Foreign

141

FGU

From the ground up

142

FHEX

Fridays/Holidays Excluded

143

FHINC

Fridays/Holidays Included

144

FILO

Free In/Liner Out

145

FIO

Free In/Out

146

FIOS

Free In/Out Stowed

147

FIOST

Free In/Out Stowed and Trimmed

148

FIOT

Free In/Out and Trimmed

149

FIT

Free in Trimmed

150

FIW

Free in Wagon

151

FLE

Fire, lighting and explosion

152

FLG

Flag

153

FLT

Full Liner Terms

154

FME

Force Majeure Excepted

155

FNI

Fellow of The Nautical Institute

156

FO

For Orders

157

FO

Free Out

158

FOB

Free on Board

159

FOC

+ Flag Of Convenience

+ Free Of Claims

160

FOFFER

Firm Offer

161

FOQ

Free On Quay

162

FOR

Free On Rail

163

FOT

Free On Truck

164

FOW

First Open Water

165

FOW

Free On Wharf

166

FP

Free Pratique

167

FPA

Free of Particular Average

168

FR

First Refusal

169

FREE EXINS

Free of any Extra Insurance

170

FREE OUT

Free of discharge costs to owners

171

FSA

Formal Safety Assessment

172

FWC

Fully-loaded weight and capacity

173

FWD

Fresh Water Damage

174

GA

General Average

175

GENCON

General Conditions

176

GIT

Goods in Transit

177

GM

Metacentric Height

178

GMQ

Good Merchantable Brand

179

GNCN

General Conditions

180

GOC

General Operators' Certificate

181

GOR

Gross Original Rate

182

GP

Grain Capacity

183

GR

Geographical Rotation

184

GSP

Good Safe Port

185

GTEE

Guarantee

186

GTP

General Third Party

187

GVW

Gross Vehicle Weight

188

H&M

Hull and Machinery

189

H&o

Hook and Oil Damage

190

H/C

High Cube

191

H/H

Half Height

192

HAZMAT

Hazardous Material

193

HBL

Hydrostatic Balanced Loading

194

HDLTSBENDS

Half Dispatch Laytime Saved Both Ends

195

HDWTS

Half Despatch Working (or Weather) Time Saved

196

HMS

Heavy Metal Scraps

197

HNS

Hazardous and Noxious Substances

198

HSE

Health Safety and Environment

199

IAR

Industrial All Risks

200

IBNR

Incurred But Not Reported

201

IBNPR

Incurred But Not Properly Reported

202

IN &/OR OVER

Goods carried below and / or on deck

203

IOP

Irrespective of Percentage

204

IPRC

Institute Port Risk Clause

205

ISDP

Integrated Ship Design and Production

206

IU                 . .

IfUsed

207

1ƯHTAƯTC

If Used, Half Time Actually Used To Count

208

IWL

Institute Warranty Limits

209

IYC

Institute Yacht Clause

210

J&wo

Jettison and washing overboard

211

JWO

Jettison and Washing Overboard

212

K&R

Kidnap and Ransom

213

L/C

Letter of Credit

214

L/D

Load / Discharge

215

LAT

Local Apparent Time

216

LAYCAN

Laydays Cancelling

217

LCL

Less Than a Container Load

218

LDT

Lost During Transshipment

219

LHAR

London, Hull, Antwerp or Rotterdam

220

LJ

Lord Justice

221

LLMC

Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims

222

LMT

Local Mean Time

223

LNYD

Liability not yet determined

224

LOC

+ Letter of Compliance

+ Letter of Credit

225

LOI

Letter of Indemnity

226

LOL

+ Limitation of Owner’s Liability + Loss Of Life

227

LOP

Line of Position

228

LOR

Letter of Readiness

229

LÒS

+ Law Of the Sea + Line Of Sight

230

LOW

Last Open Water

231

LS

Lump Sum

232

LSD

Lashed Secured Dunnaged

233

Ltge.

Lighterage

234

LTHH

Liner Terms Hook/Hook

235

LUMPS

Lump Sum Paid to Shipper

236

LYCN

Laydays Cancelling

237

M&W

Marine and War risks

238

MA

Malicious Damage

239

MAC

Maximum Acceptable Concentration

240

MB

+ Merchant Banker

+ Merchant Broker

241

MGN

Marine Guidance Note

242

MGNe

Marine Guidance Notice

243

MNI

Member of The Nautical Institute

244

MOA

Memorandum of Agreement

245

MOLCHOPT

More or Less in Charterer’s Option

246

MOLOO

More or Less in Owner’s Option

247

MOP

Mobile Offshore Production

248

MOPP

Mobile Offshore Production Platform

249

MOU

Memorandum of Understanding

250

N/E

Not Exceeding

251

NA

4- Not Applicable

4- Not Available

252

NAABSA

Not Always Afloat But Safely Aground

253

NCD

No Claims Discount

254

NCNP

No Cure No Pay

255

NCOB

No Cargo On Board

256

ND

Non-Delivery

257

NE

Not Entered

258

NEP

Net Earned Premiums

259

NGAD

Notice Given Arrival Date

260

NOKƯS

Special taxation scheme for Norwegian- controlled companies in low-tax countries

261

NOR

4- Notice to Readers

4- Notice of Readiness

262

Nr. Coastal

Near Coastal

263

NRAD

No Risk After Discharge

264

NRAL

No Risk After Landing

265

NRAS

No Risk After Shipment

266

NRDA

Natural Resources Damage Assessment

267

NRTB

No Risk Until Onboard

268

NRTOR

+ No Risk Until On Rail

4- No Risk To Attach Till After Landing

269

NRTWB

No Risk Until Waterborne

270

NSPF

Not Specially Provided For

271

NSW

Natural Sea Water

272

NTU

Not Taken Up

273

NUR

Not Under Repair

274

NVOCC

Non-Vessel-Operating Common Carrier

275

Ò/W

Overwidth

276

OD

On Deck

277

OH

Overheight

278

oo

Owner’s Option

279

OPRC

Oil pollution Preparedness, Response and Cooperation

280

OSH

Open Shelter Deck

28Ỉ

OT

Open Top

282

OWS

Owners

283

P&L

Profit and Loss

284

PC

Period of Charter

285

PCGO

Part Cargo

286

PDI

Pre-Delivery Inspection

287

PDPR

Per Day Pro Rata

288

PHPD

Per Hatch Per Day

289

PI

+ Personal injury

+ Personal Indemnity

+ Premium Income

290

PIA

Peril Insured Against

291

PM

Post Meridian

292

POA

Place Of Acceptance

293

POD

+ Proof Of Delivery

+ Pay On Delivery

294

POR

Place Of Receipt

295

PR

+ Port of Refuge

+ Port Risks

296

Pr

Pro Rata

297

PROFORMA

Estimated Account

298

PUS

Plus us

299

PWWD

Per Weather working day

300

QA

Quality Assurance

301

QC

4- Quality Control + Queens Council

302

R&D

Research and Development

303

RACE

Radioactive containment exclusion clause

304

RCVR

Receiver

305

RDC

Running Down Clause

306

RECAP

Recapitulation

307

RGE

Range

308

RN

Release Note

309

ROD

Rust, Oxidation, Discoloration

310

RP

Return Premium

311

RR&I

Respective Rights and Interests

312

RTBA

Rate to be agreed

313

RTSATMP

Return Saturday PM

314

s to s

Station to Station

315

S/A SA

Subject to Approval

316

S/D

Short Delivery

317

SATSH1NC

Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Included

318

SD

Sea Damaged

319

SDHF

Standard Dutch Hull Form

320

SG

Ships and Goods

321

SHEX

Sundays and Holidays Excluded

322

SHINC

Sundays and Holidays Included

323

SMP

Single Mooring Point

324

SMS

Safety Management Code

325

SOB

Shipped Onboard

326

soc

Shipper Owned Container

327

SOF

Statement of Facts

328

SPA

Special Protection Area

329

SRBL

Signing and Releasing Bill of Lading

330

SRCC

Strikes, Riots and Civil Commotions

331

SRL

Ship Repairers Liability

332

ss or B

Stranded, stunk or burn

o no

5 jj

SSHEX

Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Excluded

334

SSHINC

Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Included

335

sso

Struck submerged object

336

STC

Said To Contain

337

STUFT

Ships Taken Up From Trade

338

STW

Stowage

339

SUB

Subject (to)

340

Suezmax

Suez Maximum

341

SWD

Sea Water Damage

342

T/C

Time Charter

343

TB

Twisting and Bending

344

TBN

+ To Be Nominated

+ To Be Named

345

TC

Time Charter

346

TCE

Time Charter Equivalent

347

TCP

Time Charter Party

348

TGV

Tres Grande Vitesse

349

THC

Terminal Handling Charge

350

TLM

Tolerance Limit Median

351

TLO

Total Loss and Excessive Liability

352

TLVO

Total Loss of Vessel Only

353

TOB

Time On Risk

354

TPND

Theft, pilferage and non-delivery

355

U/R

Under Repair

356

u/w

Underwriter

357

UCB

Unless Caused By

358

UNICON

Uncontainerable Goods

359

uu

Unless Used

360

UUIWCTAUTC

Unless Used In Which Case Time Actually Used To Count

361

VPD

Vessel Pays Dues

362

WAV

Warehouse to Warehouse

363

WA

Without Average

364

WBS

Without benefit of salvage to the insurer

365

WCCON

Whether Customs Cleared Or Not

366

WFC&S

Warranted Free of Capture and Seizure

367

WLTHC

Water Line Top of Hatch Coaming

368

WLTOHC

Water Line-To-Hatch Coaming

369

WOG

Without Our Guarantee

370

WP

+ Weather Permitting + Without Prejudice

371

WPD

Weather Permitting Day

372

WRO

War Risk Only

373

wtd

Warranted

374

WWD

Weather Working Day

375

WWR

When, Where Ready

376

wwww

Wibon, Wipon, Wccon, Wifpon

377

XBE

Excluded Both Ends

378

Xe

Xenon

379

XL

Excess of Loss

380

Xs Loss

Excess of loss reinsurance

381

YOA

Year of Account

382

ZD

Zone Description

 

COMPANIES

TT

Chũ’ viết tắt

Viết đầy đủ

1

AAA

+ American Arbitration Association + Association of Average Adjusters

2

ABI

Association of British Insurers

3

ABP

Associated British Ports

4

ABS

American Bureau of Shipping

5

ADB

+ African Development Bank

+ Asian Development Bank

6

AFIA

American Foreign Insurance Association

7

AID

Agency for International Development

8

AIMS

American Institute of Merchant Shipping

9

AIMU

American Institute of Marine Underwriters

10

AIRMIC

Association of Risk Managers in Industry and Commerce

11

ALM

Association of Lloyd’s Members

12

AMAC

Association of Maritime Arbitrators in Canada

13

AOẤ

Aviation Officer Association

14

AOL

America Online

15

API

American Petroleum Institute

16

APL

American President Line

17

ARAMCO

Arabian American Oil Company

18

ASEAN

Association of South East Asian Nations

19

ASF

Asian Shipowners’ Forum

20

ASO

Employers Organization for Ships and Offshore Installations

21

ASTM

American Society for Testing and Materials

22

AWES

Association of Western European Shipbuilders

23

BESMA

Belgian Shipmasters Association

24

BIAC

Business and Industry Advisory Committee

25

BICC

Bureau International des Chambres de Commerce

26

BIFA

British International Freight Association

27

BIFFEX

Baltic International Freight Futures Exchange

28

BIMCO

Baltic and International Maritime Council

29

BIS

Bank for International Settlements

30

BISC

British Iron and Steel Corporation

31

BMLA

British Maritime Law Association

32

BMUA

British Marine Insurance Underwriters Association

33

BOSVA

+ British Offshore Support Vessel Owners Association

+ British Offshore Supply Ships Association

34

BOTB

British Overseas Trade Board

35

BPO

Baltic Ports Organisation

36

BR

British Railways

37

BROA

British Rig Owners Association

38

BSC

British Shippers Council

39

BSI

British Standard Institute

40

BV

Bureau Veritas

41

C&E

Customs and Exercise

42

CACM

Central American Common Market

43

CAJEA

Council of All Japanese Exporters* Association

44

CASO

Council of American-Flag Ship Operators

45

CBMƯ

Canadian Board of Marine Underwriters

46

CCA

Chemical Carriers Association

47

ccc

4- Customs Co-operation Council + Carrier Container Council

48

CCS

China Classification Society

49

CDI

Chemical Distribution Institute

50

CEFOR

Maritime Insurers Central Association

51

CEN

European Committee for Standardisation

52

CENELEC

European Committee for Electrotechnical

Standardisation

53

CENSA

Council of European and Japanese National Ship-owners’ Associations

54

CES

Coast Earth Station

55

CESMA

Confederation of European Union Shipmasters Associations

56

CIFFA

Canadian International Freight Forwarders Association

57

CIRM

Committee International Radio Maritime

58

CIS

Commonwealth of Independent States

59

CIT

Chartered Institute of Transport

60

CLC

+ International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage

+ Consequential Loss Committee

61

CMI

Committee Maritime International

62

CM LA

Canadian Maritime Law Association

63

coc

Chamber of Commerce

64

COLREG

International Convention on Collision Regulations

65

cos

Chamber of Shipping

66

CSC

Container Safety Convention

67

CSG

Consultative Shipping Group

68

DERA

Defence Evaluation and Research Agency

69

DETR

Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions

70

DIS

Dansk Internationalt Skibsregister

71

DMF

Droit Maritime Francais

72

DNME

Dynamic Non-Member Economies

73

DNMF

Det Norske Maskinistforbund

74

DNV

Det Norske Veritas

75

DOT

Department of Transport

76

DOTI

Department of Trade and Industry

77

DR

Danmarks Rederiforening

78

DSO

De Samarbeidende Rganisasjoner

79

DSRK

Deutsche Schiffs Revision und Klassifikation

80

DTI

Department of Trade and Industry

81

E&p Forum

Exploration and Production Forum

82

EAC

East Asiatic Company

83

EBRD

European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

84

EC

European Community or European Commission

85

ECE

Economic Commission for Europe

86

ECJ

European Court of Justice

87

ECLA

Economic Commission for Latin America

88

ECMT

European Conference of Ministers of Transport

89

ECOSOC

Economical and Social Council of the United Nations

90

ECSA

+ European Community Ship-owners' Association (Brussels)

+ European Community Shipowners Association

91

ECSC

European Coal and Steel Community

92

EEC

European Economic Community

93

EFT

European Free Trade Association

94

EIB

European Investment Bank

95

EIC

European Insurance Committee

96

ELA

Euzko Langilleen Alkartsuna

97

EMLO

European Maritime Law Organization

98

EMU

Economic Monetary Union

99

ESA

European Surveillance Authority

100

ESC

European Shippers' Council

101

ESCAP

Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

102

ETSI

European Telecommunications

103

EU

European Union

104

EUROS

European Union Register of Ships

105

EXIMBANK

Export-Import Bank

106

FACS

Federation of American Controlled Shipping

107

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization

108

FASA

Federation of Asean Ship-owners’ Associations

109

FCC

Federal Communications Commission

110

FENSO

Federation of Norwegian Ships Officers Organizations

111

FIATA

+ International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations

+ Federation Internationale des Associations de Transifaires et Assimiles

112

FMC

Federal Maritime Commission

113

FONASBA

Federation of National Associations of Ship Brokers and Agents

114

FR

Finlands Rederiforening

115

FSW

Frisian Shipyard Welgelegen

116

FTPA

Forest Transport Product Association

117

GCBS

General Council of British Shipping

118

GESAMP

Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection

119

GIS

German International Ship Register

120

GL

Germaisher Lloyds

121

GLA

General Lighthouse Authority

122

HMM

Hyundai Merchant Marine

123

HO

Hydrographic Office

124

(ACS

International Association of Classification Societies

125

1ADC

International Association of Drilling Contractors

126

IAIN

International Association of Institutes of Navigation

127

IA LA

International Association of Lighthouse Authorities

128

IAPH

International Association of Ports and Harbors

129

[ASST

International Association for Sea Survival Training

130

IBIA

International Bunker Industry Association

131

ICHCA

International Cargo Handling Coordination Association

132

ICMA

International Congress of Maritime Arbitrators

133

ICS

+ Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers + International Chamber of Shipping

134

IFSMA

International Federation of Ship Masters' Associations

135

IFTPA

International Forest Product Transport Association

136

IGO

Inter-Governmental Organisation

137

IHB

International Hydrographic Bureau

138

IHMA

International Harbour Masters' Association

139

IHO

International Hydrographic Organisation

140

IICL

Institute of International Container Lessors

141

IIMS

International Institute of Marine Surveyors

142

ILA

International Law Association

143

ILO

International Labour Organisation

144

ILƯ

Institute of London Underwriters

145

IMarE

Institute of Marine Engineers

146

IMB

International Maritime Bureau

147

IMIƯ

International Marine Insurance Union

148

IMLA

International Maritime Lecturers Association

149

IMLI

International Maritime Law Institute

150

IMO

International Maritime Organisation

151

IMPA

+ International Maritime Pilots' Association

+ International Marine Purchasing Association

152

IMCA

International Maritime Contractors Association

153

IMƯ

International Maritime Union

154

INMARSAT

International Marine Satellite Organisation

155

1NSROP

International North Sea Route Program

156

INTERCARGO

International Association of Dry Cargo Ship-owners

157

INTERTANKO

International Association of Independent Tanker Owner

158

IOLT

Institute of Logistics and Transport

159

IOPC

International Oil Pollution Fund

160

ISF

International Shipping Federation

161

ISMA

International Ship Managers' Association

162

ISO

International Standards Organization

163

ISOA

International Support Vessel Owners* Association

164

ISSA

International Ship Supplies Association

165

ISU

International Salvage Union

166

ITF

International Transport Workers’ Federation

167

ITOPF

International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation

168

ITS

International Tanker Service

169

ITU

International Telecommunication Union

170

IƯA

International Underwriting Association

171

IUMI

International Union of Marine Insurance

172

JHC

Joint Hulls Committee

173

JR

Jugoslav Register

174

KFK

Koordinerende Forskningskomite

175

KKR

Korean Register of Shipping

176

KR

Korean Register of Shipping

177

LAFTA

Latin America Free Trade Association

178

LASA

Latin America Ship-owners’ Association

179

LAƯA

Lloyd's Aviation Underwriters' Association

180

LCIA

London Court of International Arbitration

181

LLA

Local Lighthouse Authority

182

LMAA.

London Maritime Arbitrators’ Association

183

LPC

London Processing Centre

184

LR

Lloyd's Register

185

MACNA

Marine Aquaria Conference of North America

186

MAIB

Marine Accident Investigation Branch

187

MAIIF

Marine Accident Investigators’ International Forum

188

MASA

Marine Aquarium Societies of Australia

189

MCA

Marine Coastguard Agency

190

MEIF

Mandatory Excess Insurance Facility

191

MEPC

Marine Environment Protection Committee

192

MLA

The Maritime Law Association

193

MRCC

Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre

194

MSA

Marine Safety Agency

195

MSC

Marine Safety Committee

196

MSCN

Maritime Simulation Center Netherlands

197

MTC

Maritime Transport Committee

198

MUI

Maritime Union of Indian Officers

199

NASCO

Norwegian Asian Seafarers' Conference

200

NATO

North-Atlantic Treaty Organization

201

NAVTEX

Navigational and Meteorological Warning Broadcast Service

202

NCB

National Cargo Bureau

203

NECSA

Navigational Electronic Chart System Association

204

NFD

Norwegian Friendship Development

205

NI

The Nautical Institute

206

NIHQ

Nautical Institute Headquarters

207

NIS

Norsk Internasjonalt Skipsregister

208

NK

Nippon Kaiji Kyokai

209

NKK

Nippon Kaiji Kyokai

210

NMB

+ Norsk Maritime Befalskartell

+ National Maritime Board

211

NMEA

National Marine Electronics Association

212

NMƯ

National Maritime Union

213

NNME

National Marine Electronics Association

214

NNR

National Nature Reserve

215

NOAA

National Marine and Atmospheric Administration

216

NOPEF

Norsk Olje-og Petrokjemisk Fagforbund

217

NOR

Norsk Ord inart Register

218

NORDKOMP

ASS

Nordisk Komite for Passasjerskip

219

NR

Norges Rederiforbund

220

NS

Norsk Styrmandsforening

221

NSA

National Safety Agency

222

NSOAF

North Sea Offshore Authority Forum

223

NSU

National Seafarers' Union

224

NTC

Norwegian Training Center

225

NTSB

National Transportation Safety Board

226

NUMAST

National Union of Marine, Aviation & Shipping Transport

227

NUS

National Union of Seamen

228

NUSI

National Union of Seamen of India

229

NYPE

New York Produce Exchange

230

OAPEC

Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries

231

occ

Operations Control Centre

232

OCIMF

Oil Companies International Marine Forum

233

OECD

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

234

OFS

Oljearbeidernes Fellessammenslutning

235

OFU

Offshorenaringens Forhandlingsutvalg

236

OLF

Oljeindustriens Landsforening

237

OPA

Oil Pollution Act

23 ố

OPA 90

Oil Pollution Act of 1990

239

OPEC

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

240

OSSL

Oljeserviceselskapenes Landsforening

241

PIANC

Permanent International Association of Navigation Congresses

242

POEA

Philippine Overseas Employment Administration

243

PRS

Polish Register of Shipping

244

PSC

Port State Control

245

PSD

Polish Seafarers' Union

246

RCC

Rescue Coordination Center

247

RENC

Regional Electronic Navigational Chart Co­Coordinating Centre

248

RI

Registro Italiano

249

RINA

+ Registro Italiano Navale

+ Royal Institution of Naval Architects

250

RLF

Rederienes Landsforening

251

RMT

National Union of Rail, Maritime And Transport Workers

252

RS

Russian Maritime Register of Shipping

253

RTCM

Radio Technical Commission for Maritime Services

254

SEB

Shipping Ethics Board

255

SED

Seafarers' Education Service

256

SFT

Statens Forurensningstilsyn

257

SGS

Societe Generale de Surveillance

258

SIGTTO

Society of International Gas Tankers and Terminal Operators

259

SIOS

Senter for Internasjonal Okonomi og Skipsfart

260

SIU

Seafarers' International Union

261

SMA

The Society of Maritime Arbitrators

262

SOSREP

Secretary of State’s Representative for Marine Salvage and^Intervention

263

SRF

Sveriges Redareforening

264

SRT

Sinclair Roche & Temperley *

265

SWIFT

Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications

266

TIR

Transport International Routỉer

267

TUAC

Trade Union Advisory Committee

268

TƯC

Trade Union Congress

269

TUCP

Trade Union Council of the Philippines

270

UECC

United European Car Carriers

271

ƯGT

Union General de Trabajadores

272

UKOOA

United Kingdom Offshore Operators Association

273

UN

United Nations

274

UNCITRAL

United Nations Commission on International Trade Law

275

UNCLOS

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

276

UNCTAD

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

277

UNCTAD MMO

UNCTAD Multi Modal Transport Convention

278

UNIDO

United Nations Industrial Development Organization

279

USCG

United States Coast Guard

280

USF

University of San Francisco

281

USMC

US Maritime Commission

282

VDR

Verband Deutscher Reeder

283

VMAA

Vancouver Maritime Arbitrators Association

284

WHO

World Health Organization

285

WMC

West Marine Conference

286

WMO

World Meteorological Organization

287

WMU

World Maritime University

288

WPC

World Petroleum Congress

289

WTO

World Trade Organization

290

WWL

Wallenius Wilhelsmen Line

 

FORUMS AND CODES

TT

Chũ viết tắt

Viêt đây đủ

1

AM VER

Automated Mutual Assistance Vessel Rescue System

2

BC

Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes

3

BPI

Baltic Panamax Index

4

CG

Coast Guard

5

COA

Contract of Affreightment

6

COACP

Contract of Affreightment Charter Party

7

CODGSA

Carriage of Dangerous Goods By Sea Act

8

COFR

+ Certificate Of Financial Responsibility

+ Code of Federal Rules

9

COGSA

Carriage of Goods by Sea Act

10

css

Code of Shipmanagement Standards

11

CTO

Combined Transport Operator

12

DLR

Dominion Law Reports

13

DSC

Decision Support Center

14

DX.90

Format for digital cartographic data

15

ECDIS

Electronic Chart Display and Information System

16

ECDS

Electronic Chart Display System

17

ECS

Electronic Chart System

18

EDI

Electronic Data Interchange

19

EDIFACT

Electronic Data Interchange for

Administration, Commerce and Transport

20

EEA

European Economic Area

21

EEZ

Exclusive Economic Zone

22

EHA

Equipment Handover Agreement

23

EMA

European Monetary Agreement

24

EMS

Environmental Management System

25

EPFS

Electronic Position Fixing System

26

EQUASIS

European ship and operator information system

27

ER

English Reports

28

ETL

European Transport Law

29

ETSF

Electronic Trading Standard Format

30

FCR

Federal Court Reports

31

GATS

General Agreement on Trade in Services

32

GATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

33

GIS

Geographic Information System

34

HCRF

Hydrographic Chart Raster Format

35

HNS

Convention on the Carriage of Noxious and Hazardous Substances by Sea

36

HO

Hydrographic Office

37

HSC

International Code of Safety for High-Speed Craft

38

HSE

Health and Safety Executive

39

HSWA

Health and Safety at Work Act

40

ICC

Institute Cargo Clauses

41

ICD

Inland Clearance Depot

42

ICS

International Code of Signals

43

IMDG Code

International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code

44

INLS Code

International Noxious Liquid Substances Code

45

IOPC Funds

International Oil Pollution Compensation Funds

46

IOPP Code

International Oil Pollution Prevention Code

47

IOR

Indian Ocean Region

48

IS

Information System

49

ISDN

Integrated Services Digital Network

50

ISGOTT

International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals

51

ISM

International Safety Management

52

ISM Code

International Safety Management Code

53

ITCZ

Intertropical Convergance Zone

54

 

 

 

ITZ

Inshore Traffic Zone

55

IWA

International Wheat Agreement

56

LOF

Lloyds Open Form

57

LOF 2000

Lloyd's Open Form 2000

58

LOF'90

Lloyd’s Open Form 1990

59

LRMC

Lloyd's Refrigeration Machinery Certificate

60

LRQA

Lloyd's Register Quality Assurance

61

LSA

Lloyds Standard Agreement

62

MARỈSAT

Maritime Satellite System

63

MARPOL

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships

64

MARPOL

1973/1978

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships 1973, as amended 1978

65

MARS

Marine Accident Reporting Scheme

66

MERSAR

Merchant Ship Search and Rescue Manual

67

MIS

Management Information System

68

MITS

Maritime Information Technology System

69

MMSI

Maritime Mobile Selective-call Identity Code

70

NFTZ

Non Free Trade Zone

71

OPPR

Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response_____

72

P&I

Protection and Indemnity Club

73

POR

Pacific Ocean Region

74

SAC

Special Area of Conservation

75

SCOPIC

Special Compensation P&I Clause

76

SCR

+ Special Casualty Representative

+ Supreme Court Reports

77

SENC

System Electronic Navigational Chart

78

SES

Satellite Earth Station

79

SMarT

Support for Maritime Training Scheme

80

SOLAS

International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea

81

SOP

Standard Operating Procedure

82

SOPEP

Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan

83

SPI

Ship-Port Interface

84

STCW

Standards of Training and Certification for Watch Keeping

85

TOVALOP

Tanker Owners' Voluntary Agreement Concerning Liability for Oil Pollution

86

TQM

Total Quality Management

87

TSS

Traffic Separation Scheme

88

ŨCP

Uniform Customs and Practice

89

UMS

Universal Measurement System

90

UNCID

Uniform Conduct for Interchange of Data

91

VRP

Vessel Response Plan

92

VTIS

Vessel Traffic Information System

93

VTMS

Vessel Traffic Management Services

94

VTS

+ Vessel Traffic System + Vessel Traffic Service

95

VTSS

Vessel Traffic Separation Scheme

96

YAR

York Antwerp Rules

 

SHIP TYPES

TT

Chữ viết tắt

Viết đầy đủ

1

ACV

Air Cushioned Vehicle

2

AHS

Anchor Handling and Supply

3

AHT

Anchor Handling Tug

4

AHTS

Anchor Handling Towage and Supply

5

AHTSV

Anchor Handling Towage and Supply Vessel

6

AHV

Anchor Handling Vessel

7

Blkr

Bulker

8

Bulker

Bulk Carrier

9

Cape Size

Large Ships that cannot fit through the Suez

10

Cat.

Catamaran

11

Chem.

Chemical

12

Cont

Container

13

Crn Barge

Crane Barge

14

CT

Combined Transport

15

CTU

Cargo Transport Unit

16

cv

Commercial Vehicle

17

DD

Dry Dock

18

DP

Dynamic Positioning

19

Drk Barge

Derrick Barge

20

DSV

Diving Support Vessel

21

FCC

Fully Cellular Containership

22

FDD

Floating Drydock

23

FPSO

Floating Production Storage and Offloading

24

Gen. Cargo

General Cargo

25

Grd

Geared Ship

26

HGV

Heavy Goods Vehicle

27

HHDW

Handy Heavy Dead Weight

28

INTERMODAL

Carriage of a Commodity by Different Modes of Transport

29

LASH

Lighter Aboard Ship

30

LNG

Liquefied Natural Gas

31

LO-LO

Lift On - Lift Off

32

LPG

Liquefied Petroleum Gas

33

Ltr

Lighter

34

M/T; MT

Motor Tanker

35

M/V; MV

Merchant Vessel Motor Vessel

36

MOPP

Mobile Offshore Production Platform

37

MS

Motor Ship

38

OBO

Ore Bulk Oil

39

osv

Offshore Support Vessel

40

PANAMAX

Panama Maximum

41

PCTC

Pure Car/Truck Carrier

42

PV

Pilot Vessel

43

PWC

Personal Watercraft

44

RORO

Roll On Roll Off

45

ROV

Remote Operated Vehicle

46

SD SELFD

Self Discharging

47

Semi Sub

Submersible Platform

48

ss

Steam Ship

49

ST

Steam Tanker

50

Sub

Submarine

51

SUBC

Self-Unloading Bulk Carrier

52

SWATH

Small Waterplane Area Twin Hull

53

Tnkr

Tanker

54

TW

Tween Decker

55

UBS

Universal Bulk Ship

56

ULBC

Ultra Large Bulk Carrier

57

ULCC

Ultra Large Crude Carrier

58

VLBC

Very Large Bulk Carrier

59

VLCC

Very Large Crude Carrier

 

ONBOARD

TT

Chữ viết tắt

Viết đầy đủ

1

A

Aft

2

A/E

Auxiliary Engine

3

A/S

Alongside

4

Accom.

Accommodation

5

Aft Pk Tks

Aft Peak Tanks

6

AHD

Ahead

7

Ast

Astern

8

Aux.

Auxiliary

9

BA

Breathing Apparatus

10

BC

Bulk Cargo

11

BCH

Bulk Chemical

12

Bit

Built

13

BROB

Bunkers Remaining Onboard

14

BS

Boiler Survey

15

BT

Ballast Tank

16

BWAD

Brackish Water Arrival Draft

17

BWT

Bleed Wing Tanks

18

C/L

+ Center Line

+ Chain Locker

19

c/o

Change Over

20

CBT

Clean Ballast Tank

21

CCP

Controllable Pitch Propeller

22

CEU

Car Equivalent Unit

23

Clr

Cooler

24

Cons.

Consumption

25

COP

Custom of the port

26

CoSWP

Code of Safe Working Practices

27

cou

Clip On Unit

28

cow

Crude Oil Washing

29

CP

Controllable Pitch

30

CPP

Controllable Pitch Propeller

31

CR

Control Room

32

CRN

Crane

33

CROB

Cargo Remaining on Board

34

DAV

Deadweight

35

DB

Double Bottom

36

DD

Dry Dock

37

DEV

Vessel Departure from Specified Voyage Course

38

DFRT

Dead Freight

39

DIP

Dropping Inward Pilot

40

Disch

Discharge

41

Dk

Deck

42

DLat

Difference in Latitude

43

DLong

Difference in Longitude

44

DLOSP

Dropping Last Outwards Sea Pilot

45

DMDO

Distilate Marine Diesel Oil

46

DO

Diesel Oil

47

DOLSP

Dropping Off Last Sea Pilot

48

DOP

Dropping Outward Pilot

49

DP

Designated Person

50

DR

Dead Reckoning

51

Drft

Draught

52

Drk

Derrick

53

DWAT

Deadweight all told

54

DWT

+ Deadweight

+ Deadweight Tonnes

55

ELVENT

Electrical Ventilation

56

Emerg.

Emergency

57

Emerg. Air Comp.

Emergency Air Compressor

58

Eng.

Engineer

59

EOP

End of Passage

60

EST

Eastern Standard Time

61

ETA ,

Estimated Time of Arrival

62

ETC

Estimated Time of Completion

63

ETD

Estimated Time of Departure

64

ETR

Estimated Time of Readiness

65

ETS

Estimated Time of Sailing

66

Exh.

Exhaust

67

F.

Forward

68

F. Pk

Fore Peak

69

Fast

Full Astern

70

F/cstle

Forecastle

71

FAOP

Full Away on Passage

72

L

FEA

Fire Extinguishing Appliances

73

FEU

Forty Foot Equivalent Unit

74

FFFS

Fixed Fire Fighting System

75

FItr

Filter

76

FO

Fuel Oil

77

Fore

Forward

78

FP

Fixed Pitch

79

FSA

Full Steam Ahead

80

FW

Fresh Water

81

FWAD

Fresh Water Arrival Draft

82

+ Fwd

+ FWDS

Forward

83

FWDD

Fresh Water Departure Draft

84

Gen. Alarm

General Alarm

85

GMT

Greenwich Meantime

86

GN

Grain

87

Gr. Oil

Gear Oil

88

GRGO

Gas Oil

89

GRT

Gross Registered Tonnage

_90_

GT_________

Gross Tonnage

91

HA

Hatch

92

HBF

Harmless Bulk Fertilizer

93

HFO

Heavy Fuel Oil

94

HHP

High Holding Power (Anchors)

95

HO

f Hold

+ Heavy Oil

+ Hydraulic Oil_________________________

96

Hsng________

Housing

_97

Ị Hyd

Hydraulic_____________________________

H98

jJBCS_______

Integrated Bridge Control System___________

99 ’

flFO

Intermediate Fuel Oil

100

IGS

Inert Gas System

101

i_LAN_____________

Local Apparent Noon

102

Lat.

Latitude

103

LBP

Length Between Perpendiculars

104

LBS

Lifeboat Stations

105

LCKR

Locker

106

LDT

Light Displacement Tonnage

107

LF

Summer Fresh Water Load Line

108

LO

Lubricating Oil

109

LOA

Length Over All

110

LSA

Life Saving Appliances

HI

LW

Low Water

112

LWL

+ Low Water Line

+ Length on Water Line

113

Mayday

English translation of the French m'aidez, "help me"

114

MBD

Machinery Breakdown

115

Md

Mendelevium

116

MDO

Marine Diesel Oil

117

MGO

Marine Gas Oil

118

M-Notice

Marine Notice

119

MSD

+ Material Safety Data Sheets + Marine Sanitation Device

120

MSN

Merchant Shipping Notice

121

MT

+ Empty

+ Metric Ton

122

NM

Nautical Mile

123

NRT

Net Registered Tonnage

124

NT

Net Tonnage

125

O/O/B

On Board or Overboard

126

o/b

On or Before

127

O/Board

On Board or Overboard

128

OMBO

One Man Bridge Operation

129

OPP

Oil Pollution Prevention

130

ows

Oily Water Separator

131

PFD

Personal Flotation Devices

132

PK

Peak

133

PM

Planned Maintenance

134

PMS

Planned Maintenance System

135

POSH

Port Out, Starboard Home

136

Pot.

Potable Water

137

PPE

Personal Protective Equipment

138

PS

Port Side

139

Pt

Port

140

Refridge

Refridgeration

141

Ro/Ro

Roll on/Roll off

142

ROB

Remaining Onboard

143

RT

Registered Tonnage

144

SAR

Search and Rescue

145

SAS

Safety at Sea

146

SB

Safe Berth

147

SBT

Segregated Ballast Tank

148

sow

Summer Deadweight

149

SG

Specific Gravity

150

SHP

Shaft Horse Power

151

SMC

Safety Management Certificate

152

SMS

Safety Management System

153

Sndg

Sounding

154

SOLAS

Safety Of Life At Sea

155

SS

Starboard Side

156

st.

Start or Stop

157

stbd

Starboard

158

STM

Steam

159

sw

Salt Water

160

TEU

Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit

161

TF

Tropical Fresh

162

TFLL

Tropical Fresh Load Line

163

TLL

Timber Load Line

164

UMS

Unmanned Machinery Space

165

v/v

Valve

166

Veg Room

Vegetable Room

167

VPP

Variable Pitch Propeller

168

WL

Water Line

169

WLL

Winter Load Line

 

RADIO AND NAVIGATION

TT

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J___

ALRS

Admiralty List of Radio Signals

2

ARPA

Automatic Radar Plotting Aids

3

CCT

Closed Circuit Television

4

ENC

Electronic Navigation Chart

5

EPIRB

Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon

6

FID

Radio Transmission Designator

7

F2B

Radio Transmission Designator

8

F2C

Radio Transmission Designator

9

F2D

Radio Transmission Designator

10

F3C

Radio Transmission Designator

F3E

Radio Transmission Designator

12

FXX

Radio Transmission Designator

13

GID

Radio Transmission Designator

14

G2B

Radio Transmission Designator

15

GLONASS

Global Navigation Satellite System

16

GMDSS

Global Maritime Distress and Safety System

17

GPS

Global Positioning Satellite

18

+ H2A

+ H2B

+ H3E

+ H9W

Radio Transmission Designator

19

HF

High Frequency

20

HO

High Output

21

IDS

International Distress Signal

22

Inmarsat

International Marine Satellite

23

Inmarsat c

International Marine Satellite c

24

Intercom

Intercommunicating System

25

+ J2B

+ J2DEN

+ J3E

Radio Transmission Designator

26

LCD

Liquid Crystal Display

27

LED

Light Emitting Diode

28

Mayday

English translation of the French m'aidez, "help me"

29

NO

Normal Output

30

R/T

Radio Telegraph or Telegraphy or Telephone

31

RCDS

Raster Chart Display System

32

Rcvr

Receiver

33

RDF

Radio Direction Finder

34

RF

+ Radio Frequency

+ Range Finder

+ Radio Finder

35

RNC

Raster Navigational Chart

36

RT

Radio Telegraph, Telegraphy, Telephone

37

SART

Search and Rescue Radar Transponder

38

SATCOM

Satellite Communication

39

SATCOM A

Satellite Communication System A

40

SATCOM B

Satellite Communication System B

41

SATCOM c

Satellite-Communication System c

42

+ SATNAV

+ SN

Satellite Navigation

43

UHF

Ultra High Frequency

44

UPS

Uninterrupted Power Supply

45

VDR

Voyage Data Recorder

46

VDU

Visual Display Unit

47

VHF

Very High Frequency

48

VHF Radio

Very High Frequency Radio

49

VHO

Very High Output

 

TECHNICAL THINGS

TT

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Viết đầy đủ

1

2/H

Second Half

2

Al

Top Category or in "Good Condition"

3

AA

Always Afloat

4

Aa

Arrival After

5

AC

+ Air Conditioner

+ Activated Carbon

+ Alternating Current

6

Aik.

Alkilinity

7

AM

Anti Meridian

8

Amps.

Amperes

9

atm

Atmosphere

10

B

+ Bar

+ Byte

+ Bit

11

bbl

Barrel

12

BHP

Brake Horse Power

13

BLEVE

Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion

14

BOD

+ Biochemical Oxygen Demand + Biological Oxygen Demand

15

brl

Barrel

16

BST

British Summer Time

17

BTƯ

British Thermal Unit

18

c

Centigrade

19

c3h8

Propane

20

CA

Controlled Atmosphere

21

Ca(OH)2

Calcium Hydroxide

22

CaCI2

Calcium Chloride

23

CaCOj

Calcium Carbonate

24

Cal.

Calories

25

CBFT

Cubic Feet

26

CBM

Cubic Metres

27

CFC

Chlorofluorocarbons

28

CFT

Cubic Feet

29

ch4

Methane

30

Cl

Chlorine

31

Cm

Centimeters

32

co2

Carbon Dioxide

33

coâ

Carbonate

34

CR

+ Current Rate

+ Calcium Reactor

35

CST

Centistokes

36

CTD

Conductivity, Temperature, Depth

37

cu

Cubic

38

DC

Direct Current

39

degC

Degrees Celcius

40

DIS

Draft International Standard

41

DO

Dissolved Oxygen

42

DOC

Dissolved Organic Carbon

43

doz

Dozen

44

DSB

Deep Sand Bed

45

DT

Destructive Testing

46

EN

European Standard

47

F

Fahrenheit

48

Fl.Oz

Fluid Ounce

49

FMS

Fathoms

50

Ft

Feet

51

G

Gram

52

GAC

Granular Activated Carbon

53

Gal

Gallon

54

GB

Gigabyte

55

GBS

Gravity Base Structure

56

Gins

Gallons

57

GoM

Fluid Metacentric Height

58

+ gr

+ Gr

+ Gross

+ Gram

59

Grad.

Gradient

60

GRP

Glass Reinforced Plastic

61

H2O

Water

62

ha

Hectare

63

hco3

Hydrogen Carbonate

64

HP

High Pressure

65

hr

Hour

66

Hz

Hertz

67

IHP

Indicated Horse Power

68

IND

Indication

69

IR

Infrared

70

K

+ Kilo

+ Kelvin

71

Kcal

Kilo Calories

72

Kg

Kilogram

73

Kg/Cm

Kilogram Per Centimeter

74

Km

Kilometres

75

Kt

Knot

76

Kv

Kilo Volts

77

KW

Kilo Watts

78

KWh

Kilo Watt hour

79

L

Liter

80

Li

Lithium

81

LC50

Lethal Concentration 50

82

LCB

Longitudinal Centre of Buoyancy

83

LCF

Longitudinal Centre of Flotation

84

LCR

Lowest Current Rate

85

LD50

Lethal Dose 50

86

LEL

Lower Explosive Limit

87

LEM

Lower Explosive Mixture

88

LFL

Lower Flammable Limit

89

LP

+ Liquid Petroleum

+ Low Pressure

90

LST

Local Standard Time

91

LT

Long Ton

92

Ltrs

Liters

93

M

4 Mega + Metres

94

m

+ Milli

4- Metres

95

+ MB

+ Mb

Megabyte

96

mg

Milligram

97

M1N/MAX

Minimum/Maximum

98

mm

Millemetres

99

Mn

Manganese

100

MPH

Miles Per Hour

101

mSv

MilliSievert

102

MT

Metric Ton

103

MTNS

Metric Tons

ỉ 04

MV

Mercury Vapour

105

no3

Nitrate

106

NA

Net Absolute                             V. . . .

107

NaCOj

Sodium Carbonate

108

NaOH

Sodium Hydroxide

109

NDT

Non-Destructive Testing

HO

Ne

Neon

111

NHj

Ammonia

112

NHŨ

Ammonium

113

NNR

Natural Nitrate Reduction

114

no2

+ Nitrogen

+ Nitrite

115

O2

Oxygen

116

Oz

Ounce

117

PC

Power Compact

118

PCB

Printed Circuit Board

119

PCT

Percent

120

pH

Measure of the concentration of hydrogen ions

121

PI

Pounds Per Square Inch

122

PMCC

Pensky-Martens Closed Cup

123

PO4

Phosphate

124

PPM

Parts Per Million

125

Press

Pressure

126

Pt

Pint

127

PV

+ Pressure Valve

+ Pressure Vacuum

128

PVC

Poly Vinyl Chloride

129

Qrt

Quart

130

Qtr

Quarter

131

rad

Radians

132

Rm

Rohm

133

RO

Reverse Osmosis

134

RPH

Revolutions Per Hour

135

RPM

Revolutions Per Minute

136

RPS

Revolutions Per Second

137

Sal.

Salinity

138

SF

Stowage Factor

139

SiO2

Silicon Dioxide

140

Sq.

Square

141

SWAD

Salt Water Arrival Draft

142

SWDD

Salt Water Departure Draft

143

SWL

Safe Working Load

144

T/C

Turbocharger

145

TBN

Total Base Number

146

tbsp

Tablespoon

147

TC

Turbocharger

148

TDS

Total Dissolved Solids

149

TDW

Tonnes Deadweight

150

Temp.

Temperature

151

TFC

Thin Film Composite

152

TLV

Threshold Limit Value

153

Tnk

Tank

154

TPI

Tonnes Per Inch

155

TPII

Tonnes Per Inch Immersion

156

tsp

Teaspoon

157

TTL

Total

158

DEL

Upper Explosive Limit

159

UFL

Upper Flammable Limit

160

UGF

Under Gravel Filter

161

uv

Ultra Violet

162

V

Volts

163

VCB

Vertical Center of Buoyancy

164

VCG

Vertical Center of Gravity

165

VCM

Vinyl Chloride Monomer

166

Vol.

Volume

167

VP

Vapor Pressure

168

w

Watts

169

WT

Watertight

170

Yrds

Yards

 

SHIP PEOPLE

TT

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1

1st

First Engineer

2

1st Mate

1st Off.

Chief Officer

3

2/E

Second Engineer

4

+ 2nd

+ Second

+ 2nd Eng.

Second Engineer or Second Mate (Usually the 2nd Engineer)

5

+ 2nd Mate

+ 2nd Off.

Second Officer

6

+ 3rd

+ Third

+ 3rd Eng.

Third Engineer or Third Mate (Usually the 3rd Engineer)

7

+ 3rd Mate + 3rd Off.

Third Officer

8

+ 4th + 4th Eng.

Fourth Engineer

9

+ 5th + 5th Eng.

Fifth Engineer

10

AB

Able Seaman

11

Bsn

Bosun

12

C/M

Chief Mate

13

c/o

Chief Officer

14

Cdt

Cadet

15

Ch. Eng

Chief Engineer

16

Ck

Cook

17

DP

Designated Person

18

Duty Eng

Duty Engineer

19

Duty Off.

Duty Officer

20

ECO

Electrical and Communications Officer

21

EEO

+ Electrical and Electronics Officer

+ Electrical Engineering Officer

22

Eng.

Engineer

23

EO

Electrical Officer

24

First

First Engineer

25

J. Eng

Junior Engineer

26

J/O

Junior Officer

27

Junior EO

Junior Electrical Officer

28

MEO

Marine Engineering Officer

29

MO

Merchant Officer

30

OOD

Officer Of the Deck

31

oow

Officer Of the Watch

32

REO

Radio and Electronics Officer

33

RO

Radio Officer

Luật Minh Khuê (tổng hợp)